Copper is a chemical element with symbol Cu (from Latin : Cuprum) and atomic number 29. It is metal with very high thermal and electrical conductivity. Copper doesn’t react with water but it slowly reacts with atmospheric oxygen. Most copper is mined or extracted as copper sulfides from large open pit mines. Top producers are Chile, United States, Australia, Switzerland (source). Copper has been used for at least 10,000 years, but more than 96% of all copper ever mined and smelted was extracted since 1900. Estimated reserves available for mining copper are between 25 and 60 years. Nowadays, the major source of copper is recycling. Like aluminium, also copper is 100% recyclable without any loss of quality.
Besides these well-known facts, there is another one – people can use copper to make world records.
10Gbps over a copper telephone line
Masters in telecommunications, Bell Labs delivered a new world record connection speed of 10Gbps over copper wires. Dubbed XG.fast, the new technology could be used to extend the life of existing copper wire line networks. Telecom companies would have an alternative to fiber-optic networks in billions of households that already have a telephone line.
Largest copper ball
Rick Fortin, a landscaper and self-described “recycling nut”, got bored during the winter and started making a copper ball 10 years ago. His “ball” measured 3 feet in diameter, weighed 922 pounds and it was setting the new world record for the Largest ball of copper.
“I had so much wire coming in,” he said. “I made trees with it at first. Then I started making this ball and got carried away.”
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Silvia M.//SMC Editor
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Credits : wikipedia.org, worldrecordacademy.com, timesofindia.indiatimes.com, extremetech.com, googleimages.com