I metalli e la loro storia // curiosita’ dalla SMC

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L’uso dei metalli per la produzione degli oggetti più diversi risale alle origini della civiltà. All’inizio dell’era cristiana, la lavorazione dei metalli maggiormente diffusi vantava già una lunghissima tradizione, inaugurata migliaia di anni prima con la lavorazione del rame. Fin dall’epoca delle grandi civiltà del Medio Oriente era inoltre adottata la distinzione tra metalli preziosi e non preziosi, nota anche nell’Europa preistorica.

 

L’oro e l’argento furono in un primo tempo impiegati per usi religiosi, nella produzione di oggetti destinati ai templi o di gioielli e accessori cerimoniali per figure semidivine (quali i faraoni egizi, i re-sacerdoti mediorientali, i capotribù europei). In seguito essi trovarono impiego nella realizzazione di ornamenti personali, armi, attrezzature varie, specchi, sostegni per lampade, sedie, letti. All’inizio del VII secolo a.C. oro e argento furono infine usati per il conio delle prime monete, in Asia Minore; da queste regioni le monete si diffusero ben presto in…

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Key facts about the world steel industry // Stay tuned with SMC!

Steel: A key driver of the world’s economy

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  • The industry directly employs more than two million people worldwide, with a further two million contractors and four million people in supporting industries.
  • Considering steel’s position as the key product supplier to industries such as automotive, construction, transport, power and machine goods, and using a multiplier of 25:1, the steel industry is at the source of employment for more than 50 million people.
  • World crude steel production has increased from 851 megatonnes (Mt) in 2001 to 1,607 Mt for the year 2013. (It was 28.3 Mt in 1900).
  • World average steel use per capita has steadily increased from 150kg in 2001 to 217kg in 2012.
  • India, Brazil, South Korea and Turkey have all entered the top ten steel producers list in the past 40 years, while China definitely holds  the leading position.

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Safe, innovative and progressive steel

Steel is an innovative and progressive industry committed to the safety and health of its people.

  • The industry is committed to the goal of an injury-free workplace.
  • The lost-time injury frequency rate has decreased from 5.1 in 2004 to 1.41 in 2012.
  • The number of worldsteel member organisations participating in the annual safety metrics survey has increased from 46 in 2005 to 89 in 2012.
  • The steel industry globally spends more than €12 billion annually on improving the manufacturing process, new product development and future breakthrough technology.
  • New lightweight steel is dramatically changing the market. In 1937, 83,000 tonnes of steel were needed to build the Golden Gate Bridge in San Francisco. Today, only half of that amount would be required.
  • Vehicles structures using Advanced High Strength Steel (AHSS) weigh up to 35% less than those made with former conventional steel, substantially reducing greenhouse-gas emissions.

 

Laura C. // SMC Media Editor

HOW INNOVATION HAS INCREASED THE PRODUCTIVITY OF NATURAL RESOURCES

The earth’s natural resources are finite, which means that if we use them continuously, we will eventually exhaust them. This basic observation is undeniable. But, another way of looking at the issue is far more relevant to assessing people’s well-being.

Our exhaustible and unreproducible natural resources, if measured in terms of their prospective contribution to human welfare, can actually increase year after year, perhaps never coming anywhere near exhaustion. How can this be? The answer lies in the fact that the effective stocks of natural resources are continually expanded by the same technological developments that have fueled the extraordinary growth in living standards since the Industrial Revolution.

Here we go again with  Innovation advantages: we can state that it actually has increased the productivity of natural resources (e.g., increasing the gasoline mileage of cars). Innovation also increases the recycling of resources and reduces waste in their extraction and processing. And innovation affects the prospective output of natural resources (e.g., the coal still underneath the ground). If a scientific breakthrough in a given year increases the prospective output of the unused stocks of a resource by an amount greater than the reduction (via resources actually used up) in that year, then, in terms of human economic welfare, the stock of that resource will be larger at the end of the year than at the beginning. Of course, the remaining physical amount of the resource must continually decline, but it need never be exhausted completely, and its effective quantity can rise for the indefinite future. The exhaustion of a particular resource, though not impossible, is also not inevitable.

Ever since the Industrial Revolution, world demand for power and raw materials has grown at a fantastic rate. One respected observer estimates that humankind “has consumed more aluminum, copper, iron and steel, phosphate rock, diamonds, sulfur, coal, oil, natural gas, and even sand and gravel over the past century than over all earlier centuries put together,” and Tilton (2001) goes on to write that “the pace continues to accelerate, so that today the world annually produces and consumes nearly all mineral commodities at record rates”.

mela innovazione

Laura C./ SMC Editor

SMC FAMOUS BRIDGES – VOL.II

 

Interflow Multi-dimensional Crossing Steel Box Girder Bridge (Yangtze River delta)

bridge II

 

Steel box girder bridge offers a path from Chuanshan to Haosifang Road, which is an important component in Daqi inland transport highway, and also important component in national highway system planning project for Ningbo to Jinghua Link.

Its main characteristics are:

1. Span Length of main bridge: 538 meters (6 links; 18 spans)
2. Weight: 5300MT
3. Main Body Structure: steel box structure

Quick facts:

1)      Ningbo is one of Economic centers in south wing of Yangtze River delta, and very significant harbor city in Southeast of the country. As an international modern harbor city, the rise and fall of harbor decides Ningbo City’s future development and destiny.

2)      Chuanshan to Haosifang Road in Ningbo is an important component in Daqi inland transport highway, and also important component in national highway system planning project for Ningbo to Jinghua Link.

3)      The design is full of modern state-of-the-art concept, edge-cutting technology, and new ability of contemporary modern bridge beam construction.

Laura C. / SMC Editor

 

 

 

SMC explains why Logistics is Fundamental to Supply Chain Success

Logistics

Logistics is an essential component of supply chain management. It involves the planning, carrying out and management of goods, services and information from the point of origin to the point of consumption. Logistics aligns the complex pattern of traffic and transportation, shipping and receiving, import and export operations, warehousing, inventory management, purchasing, production planning and customer service. Companies see logistics as a critical blueprint of the supply chain. It is used to manage, coordinate and monitor resources needed to move products in a smooth, timely, cost effective and reliable manner.

How Logistics Can Help Improve Efficiency and Reduce Costs

As the global economy moved into the 21st Century, logistics became a critical part of supply chain management and consumer demand. In less than two decades, logistics management has influenced product movement to meet or exceed consumer demand. Companies saw they could lower costs and increase productivity by managing logistics on a system theory and managing the company as a whole to boost performance.

In Logistics Operations the reality of customer needs dictate dynamic requirements, constantly varying from one another. In response to such a dynamic environment, Our specialized logistics solutions are tailored to meet the challenge of individual customer demands for each customer.

Shanghai Metal Corporation provides “All-The-Way” Logistic Service Solutions, to include:
•International Trade Agent Service;
•International Goods Forwarding;
•Professional Customs Brokerage;
•Door-To-Door Transportation;
•Supplier’s Stock Management.

Our Logistics Support Specialists assist customers integrate, coordinate and optimize efficiency throughout the whole business process from purchase and transport of raw material and parts, manufacturing, storage and delivery to the end customer.

Our Logistics Service Center has operates at superior capacity matched only by its level of professionalism and customer service. With a number of well-experienced and skilled experts and the insightful leadership of a synergistic management team, we enable the goods and services to circulate across borders and boundaries with maximum efficiency.

Laura C. // SMC Editor

SMC & Sustainability

For us, sustainable growth improves the quality of life for everyone, now and for generations to come. It encompasses environmental, economic and social dimensions, as well as the concept of stewardship, the responsible management of resource use.

Following the green economic theories implies a wide range of ideas all dealing with the interconnected relationship between people and the environment.

Without a doubt, Steel Products help to meet society’s needs and as producers of steel, it is our responsibility to meet the demand for steel in a sustainable way. With companies all across the world, we face a broad range of challenges and we are committed to taking action, individually and together as an industry, to address them.

That is the reason why we try to keep a multi-disciplinary approach that integrates the physical and earth sciences with the social sciences, ecology and economics.
Steel’s combination of properties such as availability, cost, durability, strength, and ductility (the ability to be stretched or shaped without breaking) is what makes it unique. Steel’s properties enable it to suit a variety of product applications for which there are no energy and cost-effective substitutes.

Increasingly, graduates in the minerals industry and related sectors will not only require a deep technical and scientific understanding of their fields (such as geology, mining, metallurgy), but will also need a knowledge of how their industry relates to and can contribute to the transition to sustainability.

Moreover, steel is 100% recyclable. It can be recycled infinitely, which helps to save energy and raw materials, reduce CO2 emissions and reduce the waste generated from raw materials extraction. Virtually, all the steel we use has the potential to be recycled. Improving the recycling rate of end-of-life steel products as well as product design for recycling can increase further steel scrap quality, and hence steel’s contribution to the environment.

AL Green

 

Laura C. // SMC Media Editor

Copper is the metal of civilization

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Copper is essential for modern living.
It delivers electricity and clean water
into our homes and cities and makes an
important contribution to sustainable
development.

Copper can be formed and stretched
into complex and intricate surfaces
without breaking. This makes it
possible to create spires, steeples,
musical instruments, bowls, bed
frames, tubes and a huge number of
other useful and beautiful products.
The very small diameter wires, which
transmit power in cars, computers,
televisions, lighting and mobile phones
only exist because of the high ductility
and malleability of copper.

copper coolest wire

Copper is interwoven with the story of
humanity’s progress.

Its crucial role in
our homes, in transportation, as well as
in infrastructure and in our industries
is omnipresent.

So, what are the special
features of this metal that make it
indispensible in the modern world?

By Laura C. // SMC Blogger/ Media Editor

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Round Enameled Copper Wire // SMC copper products

Test one of our best quality products: SMC guarantees.
Test one of our best quality products: SMC guarantees.

 

 

Features of Round Enameled Aluminum Wire:

1) Excellent bending property
2) High flexibility of the enamel
3) Good resistance to abrasion
4) High mechanical property
5) Higher thermal property
6) Good resistance to refrigerant and freon
7) Suitable for windings that are subjected to constantly high temperature and mechanical stress
8)Good chemical resistance
9) Outstanding mechanical and chemical property

SMC has taken the lead in importing the Round Enameled Aluminum Wire production and inspection equipment of the advanced international standards .The annual output of the Round Enameled Aluminum Wire and other Enameled wire over 7,000 tons.

COMPARISON ON CHINA IMPORTS AND EXPORTS OF COPPER AND ALUMINUM

How can Data Change within a month?

 

Tags: China imports of copper,  China imports of aluminum

                                                                Source:SMM

Copper rising

March 2014

According to the preliminary data from the General Administration of Customs, China’s imports of unwrought copper and copper semis were 420,000 mt during March, with YTD imports from January to March at 1330,000 mt up 37.8 % YoY.

April 2014

We can see how numbers have risen: China’s imports of unwrought copper and copper semis were 450,000 mt during April, with YTD imports from January to April at 1780,000 mt up 41.1 % YoY.

Aluminum lowering

March 2014

Yet according to the preliminary data from the General Administration of Customs, China’s exports of unwrought aluminum and aluminum semis were 370,000 mt in March, with YTD exports from February to March at 850,000 mt, up 7.9 % YoY.

April 2014

We can indeed see a decrease about this product: China’s exports of unwrought aluminum and aluminum semis were 330,000 mt in April, with YTD exports from February to April at 1180,000 mt, up 7.3 % YoY.

 SMC Media Editor // Laura C.