Benefits of Stainless Steel for Railways

The use of stainless steel for trains goes back nearly three quarters of a century. It was durability and ease-of-maintenance considerations that tipped the balance towards stainless steel. With design lives of often more than 40 years, the application of stainless steel for train carriages was a highly worthwhile choice, due to the corrosion-resistant characteristics of the steel.

city railOver the years, rail technology has developed – and so has stainless steel. The refinement of metallurgical processes has further improved the uniformity and corrosion-resistance of proven chromium-nickel stainless steels. The range of mechanical treatments to further enhance their mechanical properties has been extended. New grades have been developed, including chromium-manganese types, which combine cost reduction with high mechanical strength. Ferritic stainless steels have given rail manufacturers new and particularly cost-effective options.

Invented in the early 20th century, stainless steels were soon applied to the rail industry. The 1930’s brought widespread use of stainless steel for rail coach bodies. Weight reduction became a priority and laid the ground for levels of speed and comfort that had not been experienced before. Especially in North America, stainless steel became the preferred material for rail coaches.

Although stainless steel is neither the lightest of materials nor the least expensive, both manufacturers and operators soon discovered that its outstanding long-term corrosion resistance provided maintenance and cost advantages. The fact that painting became redundant made stainless steel even more attractive. However, it was also a marketing issue. Long-distance rail travel was positioned as a modern, technologically advanced option for the demanding customer and stainless steel was an icon for this idea.

canada trainMuch of the enthusiasm for stainless steel has been maintained over the decades, both for technical reasons and as a matter of aesthetic preference. Stainless steel is equally present in metro, commuter and long distance-trains to the present day. In many parts of the world, notably in North America, early experiences with stainless steel have influenced the preference of railway operators, rail-coach manufacturers and passengers alike. Unpainted, profiled stainless steel panels continue to be the “normal” material.

Besides aesthetic criteria, safety considerations are increasingly taken into account. Although serious collisions are very infrequent these days, higher operating speeds increase the likelihood of injury when they do occur. Many rail companies have therefore chosen to construct carriages from austenitic stainless steel, in preference to alternative materials such as carbon steel and aluminium alloys. This choice carries a unique safety-related benefit. First and foremost to the high energy absorption made possible by the unique work-hardening properties of austenitic stainless steels. If the assembly is properly designed, stainless steel tubular sections will fail in compression – not in buckling. The inherent material strength increases as the speed and intensity of the deformation increases, thus maximising energy absorption.

better-seats

Stainless steel is so widely used, and the application of it in railways is a prime example of how the stainless steel has created beneficial impacts like reducing weight and increasing speed and safety aspects, increasing the overall practicality of rail lines.

 

Jessica R // Editor SMC

不锈钢“博物馆”

不锈钢制品,无论在我们个体的生活中还是社会中都发挥着重要的作用。我们的日常生活中,家电,汽车,手表电脑等等都是使用了大量的不锈钢材料;而在社会中,医疗设施,建筑物,电车,船只,集装箱等等更是与不锈钢密切相关。可以说,不锈钢支撑起了我们的生活。

正如“不锈钢”这个名字一样,很多人对它的认识基本上停留在“不会生锈的钢材”,而其他的一些特性可以说都不是很了解。诸如不锈钢的一些其他特性,比如说,不锈钢可以承受-196~1000C的高温;相对于其他材料的制品来说,不锈钢制的厨房用品比较卫生,因为污渍会很容易脱落;根据一些成分含量不同,不锈钢里面有些可以吸引磁石,有些则不可以。这些特性反而并不是那么让人熟知。这种认识上的欠缺在不知不觉中会让很多人产生一些误解,如果让已经在人们生活中占据了很多分量的不锈钢制品的特性更加详细的被人所熟知的话,在不同材料制品中进行选择时,人们会更有针对性。

不锈钢对环境以及未来也贡献着自己的力量。除了我们的日常生活,宇宙开发用的发射火箭,太阳能电板,燃料电池等等一些与环境,未来想联系的活动中,不锈钢也发挥着重要的作用。不锈钢的强度,耐腐蚀性,耐热性,易于加工性等等这些优异的特性让其迅速普及。 继续阅读不锈钢“博物馆”

Reasons Why You Should Import From China

With the depression of steel prices on the global market, steel has become less expensive. In many cases, raw steel is imported from China and the local metal manufactures then complete the process and sell locally. Demand however, currently doesn’t match output, which creates a buyer’s market for steel. China, therefore is a highly attractive market, price is the major reason for the high import demands from China, but other reasons include:

Depressed prices. Again, Chinese steel manufacturers often have overproduced product in comparison to the global demand. This has caused a depression of steel prices for both foreign and domestic steel. With relaxed tariffs in the US, the cost of imported steel is still less than that of domestic manufacturers and steel mills.

Over ordering. Having a lot of raw material sitting around has the potential to work to your benefit. China’s steel industry has started to slow down their production, but the raw material has already been acquired and is costing manufacturer’s overhead costs just to keep it.

High-quality. China’s government has recently tightened up their regulations concerning steel mills, closing many that couldn’t maintain the minimum standards set. This has left the companies that are still in business taking a greater concern on the quality of their products and manufacturing methods.

Excellent customer service. With the slowing down of production, China’s steel manufacturers are fighting harder over a smaller market share and offering inducements to get your business. One of the primary inducements they can offer is excellent customer service and keeping current and potential customers happy and satisfied.

Price locks. Taking the worry out of a fluctuating market price helps raw steel importers control their bottom line. Instead of waiting for the price to creep down, inhibiting manufacturing while waiting for the price to bottom out, you can plan ahead for costs by ordering now, at the current rate, and having the steel shipped to your facility on your schedule.

Dependable shipping schedules. With the accumulation of raw materials, scheduling your order becomes easier. The Chinese companies already have the material for your order in stock and can begin work on it, immediately. This allows for planned ordering and shipping without having to worry about the global market availability.

Modernized facilities and an emphasis on increasing economic output have made China an attractive market. Cheap shipping and a ready supply of materials will keep Chinese steel flowing into global marketplaces.

 Jessica R // Editor SMC

Allow Your Business to Make A Statement

Stainless Steel Business Cards

Does your business card fully represent your brand image? With a stainless steel business card from SMC your customers & clients will 2 boysactually stop and absorb every aspect of the brilliant design and look of your business card.

In business we all know that there can not be a price placed on the importance of first impressions. So why not make a  lasting one by ordering  stainless steel cards by SMC you will not be disappointed.

Stainless Steel Membership Cards

Get ahead of competitors by attracting members with your stainless steel membership cards, it will add a little extra prestige and excellence to being apart of your club. You can also customize your card to your business, why not add a bottle opener for club cards!

You can even send in your own personal designs, or have SMC send you generic options, the choice is yours!

Visit this link to get started, Ordering is easy!

http://shanghaimetal.com/Stainless_Steel_Business_Card–pds7194.html

For more information email us: shanghaimetalcorp@gmail.com

Jessica R // Editor SMC

Stainless Steel Roofing: durable, effective & well designed

In architectural applications, stainless steel is often used because of its attractive appearance. Facades, interior cladding, lifts and escalators, handrails and parapets are some of the most typical areas of stainless steel use. The family of stainless steels, however, has more to offer than just good looks. Its technical properties make it an ideal choice for many other building applications, in which additional durability requirements are essential.

The advantages of stainless steel roofs are mainly related to three aspects:

  • Maximum life expectationCrysler Building
    The presence of air pollution highlights the need for corrosion resistant materials on buildings. The Chrysler Building in New York is clear proof that stainless steel is the ideal answer to this requirement. Built in 1929-1932, this building remains an outstanding testimonial for stainless steel in roofing and facade cladding.
  • Minimum Maintenance
    As maintenance costs continue to increase, it is important to bear these in mind right from the planning stage of a building. Due to its long-term corrosion resistance and its smooth surface finish, most stainless steel roofs, when designed and erected correctly, require very little maintenance.
  • Low weight
    Due to the high mechanical performance of stainless steel, the typical thickness of the material is lower than for most other metallic roofing materials. This can result in a lower overall weight after erection and therefore a lighter, more cost-effective supporting structure.

The Self-Repair Capability of Stainless Steel

Stainless steel is an alloy containing at least 10.5% chromium. This gives the steel an inherent ability to protect itself from corrosion. Chromium in the steRoof boatsel reacts with oxygen in the air and/or water to which the steel surface is exposed, and forms an invisible protective film of a chromium-rich oxide. If this layer is damaged, mechanically or chemically, it is spontaneously rebuilt if oxygen is present. Corrosion resistance is increased with higher chromium levels and, additionally, by adding molybdenum to the alloy.

The presence of nickel improves formability and weldability. Nickel-containing stainless steels work-harden on cold forming and can thus give the fabricated part an additional structural function.

The most commonly used stainless steels have a chromium content of around 17 – 18% and a nickel content of 8 – 10.5%. This is why they are known as “18/8” or “18/10”. These chromium-nickel grades are called “austenitic stainless steels”

Another family of stainless steels are mainly alloyed with chromium and possibly other elements like Titanium. These are called “ferritic” grades. For roofing purposes, 12 – 17% chromium grades with organic or metallic coatings can be used.

Physical Properties

Besides the aesthetic benefits and the durability of stainless steel, architects, owners and developers may choose stainless steel for its physical properties such as:

  • Heat reflection
    Its smooth reflective surface provides stainless with excellent heat reflecting properties.
  • Electric Conductivity
    The continuous membrane of a seam welded stainless roof can eliminate the need for extra lightning conductors. Often it is enough to connect the whole roof to a good earth. Stainless steel roofs can also contribute to electromagnetic shielding, which may be required for buildings that house sensitive electronic equipment.
  • Fire resistance
    The melting point of stainless steel is around 1500°C, which is much higher than for most other roofing materials, e.g. Al 660° C, Zn 419° C, Cu 1083° C.

Choosing stainless steel roofing provides a range of design possibilities. Stainless steel products are available in many different finishes, the range of surfaces varies from subdued greys, to bright mirror –type finishes. The steel will also change its appearance as it reflects subtle changes in lighting conditions. Therefore, stainless steel is a highly beneficial choice for your roofing solutions.

prosche roof

Source: Euro Inox – European Stainless Steel Development Association

Jessica R // Editor SMC

Create a Lasting Impression for your Business

A business card provides essential information about an individual or company. A business card not only provides details but acts as a lasting impression of the individual or company because the card is the only thing that the client/customer has to remember the meeting by. This means having a well designed and professional business card is vitally important.

The most widely used type of business card is a paper card, these cards however present problems. The paper card is likely to be torn or ripped and can even smudge when they get wet. If these problems occur and the recipient can’t make out the contact information written on the card, then the card automatically loses its value and becomes worthless. Networking and growing business contacts is very important, so why risk it all in a flimsy card that is likely to be broken or even thrown away.

Why not invest in something meaningful and reliable to represent your business?

2 boysShanghai Metal Corporation (SMC) offers a range of stainless steel business cards, which enables those problems to be completely avoided. The stainless steel card allows you and your business to stand out from the rest and impress every person you hand it to, creating a lasting impression. Choose from a variety of different sleek designs and colours, which include unique shapes and professional finishes. Or create your own personal design.

Stainless steel business cards are the most professional business cards. They provide you and your business with a unique and powerful brand identity. In a world where impressions mean everything, these stainless steel business cards are the best choice.

bottle openerAs well as providing practicality and a lasting impression, the applications of the cost effective cards are limitless: Bottle Openers for club and bar owners, VIP Cards and Club Cards, Transportation, Entertainment, Parking, Schools, as well as Garment and Electronic Accessories. You could even add features relevant to your industry for example, a ruler to the side of the card for those in construction or architecture.

Our Metal Business Cards can be tailored and machined for your existing or new designs or logos. Additionally, SMC provides Design Consultation to help you do define a style that matches your business and your brand.

Still not convinced? SMC will happily send you out samples of the design so you can feel at ease with the purchase.

Once you notify us of your desired design choice, our machining process will be completed within a week. Then, we will package and ship your business cards and provide all relevant information for order and delivery tracking. It’s that simple!

Send us an inquiry, so we can answer any further questions you may have. Please remember to send your Business Name, Address, Phone Number, and E-mail Address, to make the inquiry process and quote as accurate as possible.

knife card 1

Contact us:                                                                                                                      Email: shanghaimetalcorp@gmail.com                                                         Linked In: https://www.linkedin.com/in/jessicasmc

For further information you can also visit the website at: http://www.shanghaimetal.com/Stainless_Steel_Business_Card–pds7194.html

Jessica R // Editor SMC

 

 

 

Stainless Steel Prices at Crossroads

Global stainless steel prices are going through a transitional stage. Transaction values in June were pulled in all directions by a variety of different market forces.

After rising relentlessly since the beginning of 2014, the LME nickel price peaked in mid-May, at over US$21,000 per tonne. Values have fallen back since then, mostly fluctuating in a range between US$18,000 and US$19,000 per tonne in recent weeks.

Consequently, in markets that employ an alloy surcharge system based on the previous month’s raw material costs, notably in Europe and North America, effective prices for June are considerably higher than they were in May. In China, on the other hand, selling values respond more quickly to changes in input costs. MEPS figures for that country, based on market prices in the third week in June, are lower than they were four weeks earlier.

71055652-728x460Moreover, there has been an increase in purchasing activity, in many markets, in the past couple of months. This may be supported by improving underlying demand or it could be driven by stock replenishment and technical buying during a period of rising prices. Producers in several countries have used these positive signs to support small basis price increases, in addition to the soaring alloy extras. Some mills are hoping for further increments during July.

However, as the price trend levels out, customers are less likely to make speculative purchases. Furthermore, stock building has been completed and business activity will slow in many parts of the world during the summer holiday and shutdown period. Consequently, suppliers may find it difficult to achieve further basis price increases in the short term.

The reversal in the direction of nickel costs has arrested the rapid rise in alloy surcharges for austenitic grades. Indeed, some producers’ July figures for type 304 flat products are slightly lower than those for June. This will only add to the usual, seasonal lethargy in stainless steel buying.

Supply chain participants will be hoping that the positive sentiment perceived in recent months is indicative of a real upturn in demand. Order tonnages in the weeks following mills’ and end-users’ summer stoppages will give some sign of the future direction of the market.

Source: WordSteelNews.com   http://www.worldsteelnews.com/stainless-steel-prices-crossroads/

 

Monopolistic Concerns for the Iron Ore Market

Iron ore is a major raw material used to create steel. Therefore, demand for this raw material by the steel industry plays a major role in determining prices. Internationally, iron ore prices are largely determined by the Chinese because they are the largest consumer of iron ore in the world. China accounts for more than 60% of the seaborne iron ore trade.

iron oreThe flagging demand for iron ore from China in the wake of an economic slowdown has put downward pressure on iron ore prices. According to data from China’s National Bureau of Statistics, growth in investment, factory output and retail sales has slowed to multi-year lows in the first two months of the year. A Chinese government crackdown on polluting steel plants has forced many of them to shut down. In addition, tightening of credit by Chinese banks to steel mills that are not performing well, will negatively impact these mills’ prospects. Furthermore, the Chinese leadership has proposed structural reforms of the economy, shifting the emphasis from investment and export driven growth to services and consumption led growth. Such a transformation of the Chinese economy may negatively impact Chinese demand for steel in the long term. Chinese steel demand growth is expected to slow to 3% and 2.7% in 2014 and 2015 respectively, from 6.1% in 2013. Weak demand for steel has indirectly resulted in weak demand for iron ore as well as metallurgical coal.

553194-iron-oreOn the supply side for iron ore, expansion in production by majors such as Rio Tinto and BHP Billiton has created an oversupply situation. A combination of weak demand and oversupply is likely to result in lower iron ore prices in the near term. Lower iron ore prices will impact smaller mining companies much more than the major mining companies. It appears that the price of iron ore is being manipulated in favour of larger producers. This is due to the smaller company’s higher cost of production of per ton, as compared Rio Tinto and BHP who have lower prices. Iron ore spot prices stood at $92.74 per dry metric ton (dmt) at the end of June 2014, about 19.2% lower than a year ago. The outlook on iron ore prices remains bleak in the near term, in view of the oversupply situation.

It’s not surprising that so many Chinese producers are being forced to close up shop. According to data supplied by Bloomberg, around 80% of China’s mines have operating costs of around $80 to $90 per ton. In comparison, BHP Billiton, and Rio Tinto produce ore at around $53, $68, and $44 per ton respectively.
But it is not just BHP ramping up supply — Rio Tinto and Vale are also ramping up output, compounding the supply problem.
BHP Billiton is increasing output by 260 million to 270 million tonnes from a 217 million tonne target in 2014, and Rio Tinto is on track to produce 295 million tonnes of ore this year, up from 266 million last year.

Further reading:

http://www.forbes.com/sites/greatspeculations/2014/07/21/cliffs-earnings-preview-lower-iron-ore-and-coal-prices-will-weigh-on-results/

http://www.fool.com/investing/general/2014/07/17/heres-why-the-price-of-iron-ore-has-been-falling.aspx

Jessica R // Editor SMC

Stainless Steel Comes to Life

Stainless Steel SMC

Stainless Steel is not all just bolts, pipes, strips & fittings! The steel has come to life with the creation of stainless steel robots. There are several of these robots across the world, with the main purpose being their ability to work in sterile, hot and, toxic environments due to their stainless steel finishing.

Heavy Industries created the world’s first stainless steel robotic arm in 2013. The robot has been designed to allow seven degrees of freedom, which is based on a human arm. The seven degrees translate into seven joints which give it precision and agility to get the required work done.

hand wrestle

 The robot is used to automate experiments that use dangerous chemicals in the drug discovery and pharmaceutical fields. The reason for developing MSR05 arm with complete stainless steel is to minimize the possibility of contamination. Moreover, hydrogen peroxide gas can be used to sterilize the assembly. This is…

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