Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank & Shanghai Metal Corporation – Common Goal & Vision

We are pleased to share the latest news about China’s contribution in assisting developing countries in their sustainable growth.

The Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB) is a multilateral development bank, proposed by the government of China, that has the mission to give assistance to financial needs to infrastructure projects in Asia region.

The signing ceremony of the Memorandum of Understanding on Establishing Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB) in Beijing
Photo from en.people.cn

The establishment of this bank is partly due to the huge infrastructure needs across the developing countries in Asia. The Asian Development Bank (ADB) estimates that Asia will need approximately 8$ trillion between 2010 and 2020 for energy, transportation, telecommunication and water/sanitation. Summing the investments from all existing institutions aren’t enough to reach that amount and the shortfall exceeds 700$ billion a year.

Photo from fastcompany

Other than its purpose as a funding institution, the AIIB is also a modern knowledge-based institution, focusing on the development of infrastructure and other productive sectors in Asia, such as energy & power, transportation & telecommunication, water supply & sanitation, etc.

Until the 2nd April 2015, almost all Asian countries and major countries outside Asia has joined the AIIB, except US, Japan, Canada and North Korea. Catherine Novelli, U.S. undersecretary of state for economic growth, energy and the environment, said that the administration generally supports the AIIB’s stated goals but has concerns over regulation and environmental issues. Other worries that the bank will help China to rival the US as the world’s economic power and in establishing its values in the world’s vision.

China's President Xi Jinping (L) walks next to U.S. President Barack Obama (R) (Reuters/Jason Lee)Photo from rt

According to Raj M. Desai, associate professor from Georgetown University, the participation of the US in the AIIB could encourage the Chinese to implement a transparent regime that adopts the world’s best practice in financing infrastructure. The President of World Bank, Jim Yong Kim, welcome AIIB and believes that the activities of a new organization can greatly help the massive need of investment in infrastructure.

Chinese Premier Li Keqiang (R) shakes hands with World Bank Group President Jim Yong Kim during their meeting in Beijing, July 8, 2014. REUTERS/China Daily
Chinese Premier Li Keqiang (R) shakes hands with World Bank Group President Jim Yong Kim during their meeting in Beijing, July 8, 2014.
Photo from reuters

As one of the world’s leading steel manufacturer, Shanghai Metal Corporation believes that sustainable growth improves the quality of life for everyone, now and for generations to come.  That’s why we put great efforts to meet the demand for steel in an eco-friendly way. We support AIIB’s mission and values in supporting Asia’s infrastructure project in a “lean, clean and green” way. We have faith that AIIB can help to support the growth of the developing countries and give them assistance in their infrastructure development.

Sources: theguardian, cnbc, washingtonpost, aiibank, wikipedia
Featured Image: nytimes

    

 

Ayu P.//SMC Editor

 

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The History of Containers – When It All Began

Today, Shanghai Metal Corporation brings you back in time. Are you ready to take-off? Please fasten your seat belt, sit back, relax, and enjoy the flight. This is the story of containers.

The first stop of this journey is 1936 in Hoboken, New Jersey. The idea of containers, considered by many as “revolutionary”, must be attributed to Malcom McLean. As often is the case, the greatest ideas come in times of crisis. The Economist has described McLean’s early life as follows.

“He was a farmer’s son, one of seven children. His first business transaction was selling eggs for his mother, taking a small commission. But in the 1930s, the time of the Great Depression, farming was one of the worst-hit industries. Mr McLean got a job at a petrol station and saved enough money to buy a secondhand lorry, calling himself, grandly, the McLean Trucking Company. He did well enough to buy five more lorries, hired drivers for them, but continued to drive himself“.

Malcom-Mclean-History
from http://www.intra-plus.com

By observing how the loads of cotton were moved by the trucks of his company to the hold of the ship, McLean thought of using a fixed size “metal box” that could contain the voluminous material making the operations easier. Few years later, this insight would have proved to be revolutionary. Indeed, the “new container”, in addition to speed up the operations of loading and unloading, contributed to decrease transportation costs and to avoid the thefts committed in ports.

primer-container-historia-malcom-mclean
from investorsconundrum.com

According to The Economicst, the Ideal X was the first cargo ship transporting containers. It was an elderly oil tanker “whose deck had been strengthened to accommodate 58 well-filled boxes each some 30ft (9 metres) long”. It was on April 26, 1956, when the Ideal X left Newark for Port Hudson.

idealx
from people.hofstra.edu

According to Internazionale.it, McLean spent $0.16 per ton loaded, while the average cost of goods shipped at that time was $83 per ton. Moreover, from 1966 to 1983 the percentage of countries that used them has risen from 1 to 90 percent. The Economist claims that McLean was celebrated as the “man of the century” and the inventor of “the greatest advance in packaging since the paper bag”. Moreover, former United States President Bill Clinton said that containerisation helped to “fuel the world’s economy”.

idealx-300x2471
from eaves.ca

Remember! Shanghai Metal Corporation provides you with a great selection of container houses. Visit our website and do not hesitate to contact us.

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Stefano// SMC Editor

Серебряная Вода – Да или Нет?

В России чуть ли не каждая семья имеет в своем запасе священную воду, воду из родника и бутылочку с серебряной ложкой на дне. Правда или нет, но еще с детства меня интересовал вопрос – почему ложка не нашла себе лучшего применения, чем лежать на дне, выполняя, на мой вгзляд абсолютно бесполезную работу? Время прошло и теперь я всерьез заинтерисована этим вопросом, ответом на который и собираюсь поделиться с вами…

silver 1

 

Начнем с того, что серебро использовалось нашими предками чуть ли не с запамятных времен и со временем мы так привыкли к его применению, что не заметили, как стали есть с серебряных тарелок и ложек, пить с серябряных бакалов, ставить цветы в серябряные вазы… в общем пользоваться этим благородным металлом во всех присущих ему качествах. Но неужели его предназначение закончится легкостью обрабатывания и непремудростью использования? Как вы понимаете – нет, главное и, на мой взгляд, ценное его свойство это способность дезинфицировать все к чему оно имеет дело. Серебро убивает микробы, товарищи! Бактерицидные свойства серебра известны с глубокой древности. Еще в Древней Индии с помощью этого металла обеззараживали воду, а персидский царь Кир хранил воду в серебряных сосудах. И возможно теперь нам следует задуматься перед тем как покупать дорогущуу бутылку французской воды и вернуться к старому дедовскому способу…купить набор серебряных ложек, который войдет не только в богатсво вашей семьи, но и поправит здоровье!

Shanghai Metal Corporation имеет в своем арсенале широкий список продуктов, выполненных из металлаДля получения более детальной информации вы можете посетить наш сайт , или отправить заявку,  наш персонал всегда рад помочь Вам. Также вы можете проследить нашу историю в социальных сетях или просканировать QR code.

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Maria Z.// SMC Editor

Источники: shanghaimetal.com

The End of Metal Keys?

We don’t really pay attention to small things around us that are naturally just here, existing with us quietly and serving us. One of these are KEYS. Nowadays, they are most commonly manufactured metal objects in the whole world that enable us to open our physical properties – cars, buildings, safes and many others.

As a lot of things, origin of keys also dates back to ancient Babylon and Egypt, when first locks appeared. Egyptians used a wooden toothbrush-shaped key for lifting small pins in wooden locks and unlock the blot. The big disadvantage was that keys and locks were made out of wood and they were quite heavy and bulky.

In ancient Rome, engineers and inventors managed to improve a wooden Egyptian design of locks and keys. By using iron and bronze were able to produce much stronger and smaller locks and keys that could be carried on person.

Old Rusty Keys

Modern “flat keys” were firstly introduced to the public by Linus Yale in mid 1800’s. By using tumbler lock and more sophisticated way of regulating the pins, these flat keys become instant success across entire world. However nowadays electronic locking become more and more popular.

Hotel industry was one of the first that introduced key cards (Atlanta, US, 1979). It was basically a simple card with few holes in it that helped to reduce the electricity waste, hotel staff knew when the guest was still in a hotel room and what is the most important, they didn’t have to change the lock when the key was lost.

Electronic keys are becoming trendy, many brands of cars have key-less ignitions, Hilton hotel chain in US is planning to enable their guests to open their rooms with their smartphones. Electronic keys might control your front door via Bluetooth, open the door automatically when you are nearby, send virtual keys to your relatives and friends or control what time certain people have the access.

Many people may argue that their homes are too precious to entrust technology, key-less systems and smartphones. It could stop working when there is a fire or power cut. What to do then? Although this idea is brilliant and with current innovations might work properly and give us new options, metal keys are still cheaper and safer way of protecting and locking our homes.

Shanghai Metal Corporation manufactures and provides various types of metals, galvanized steel or copper that can be used in many applications. For more information visit our website or send us inquiry. English speaking staff will guide you further. Download a new application by scanning QR code below and also don’t forget to follow us on Social Media platforms.

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Silvia M.//SMC Editor

Read more articles written by this author here.

Credits : historyofkeys.com, bbc.com, googleimages

The Evolution of Bridge

The bridge is used to provide a way over an obstacle, such as water, valley or road. Its size differs according to its destination, it can be used to cross a river or even from one city to another. In some cases, it may symbolize an important point in your life. According to Freud, a bridge may symbolize any sort of transition in the dreamer’s life, for example, moving to a foreign country, changing from a job to another, etc. In this article, we are going to focus about the physical-real-life bridge. Let us see how bridges have evolved throughout the human history and how ancient bridges show us that structure theory is not the only vital factor in the realization of building construction.

We can divide the evolution of bridge technology into 2 eras :

1. The Arch Era

The Arch Era goes from 2000 BC until the end if the 18th century. Arc bridges were well developed by the  Romans and were for the majority stone arches. The Viaduct in Segovia, for example, is over 2000 years old and is still intact until today.

Roman Viaduct in Segovia

We can also find another example of ancient stone bridge in China. The elegant Zhao Zhou Bridge were built around 600 AD and can still be used until today.

Zhao Zhou Bridge

Another famous ancient bridge still in use today is the Siosepol Bridge in Iran, built during the Safavid Dynasty (around 16th Century).

Siosepol Bridge

These bridges were built before the appearance of structural theory. The ancestors of engineer didn’t use theory to guide their design. The type of  bridge structure they used (still used until today) was intuitive and their construction materials were readily available in nature. Stone arches have a very wonderful structures and  blend very well into the natural landscape.

2. The Contemporary Era

This modern era goes from the 19th Century until today. The construction of bridge changed after the Industrial Revolution in the 19th Century, with the introduction of steel.

One of the most spectacular early bridge is the Firth of Fourth Bridge in London, built during the end of the 19th Century. Some may not be fond of its structures but it has been successfully serving its objective until now.


Firth of Fourth Bridge

Other steel bridges were built around the same time in the United States, such as, the St. Louis Bridge and the Brooklyn Bridge

The improvement of wire technology with steel allowed  long span suspension bridges possible. Research in aerodynamics offered a way to design bridges with wind resistant. Some early examples of this type of bridge are the Golden Gate Bridge and the George Washington Bridge. One of the longest one today is the Akashi Kaikyo Bridge.


Akashi Kaikyo Bridge

Another type of Contemporary Era bridge is the cable-stayed bridge. Attempts were not successful before high strength steel was available. Since 1970, many long cable-stayed bridge were completed around the world, such as The Stromsund Bridge in Sweden and the Normandy Bridge in France. One of the newest is the Stonecutters Bridge in Hong Kong, completed in 2009.


Stonecutters Bridge

As we can see from these examples, the availability of construction materials is a dominant factor in the evolution of bridge (stone, steel,…). Bridges are one of the most important infrastructure program in China. Shanghai Metal Corporation supply various steel bridges & steel bridge materials. Check our website if you’re interested other construction materials. You can also send us your inquiry, we have English-speaking that will help you to find the best product for you. Don’t forget to follow us on social media and download an application by scanning QR code below.

Read this article for a more detailed information about the evolution of bridge technology.

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Pictures from Google image.

Ayu P.//SMC editor

The Walking under Ladder Superstition Has Its Origin in Ancient Egypt

When you see a black cat crossing your path, you panic? When it is Friday the 13th you rather choose not to go anywhere and just stay at home hidden under the blanket? Well, you are definitely superstitious! Sometimes I am just wondering whether there is a logic explanation and origin of the superstitions or it is just a plain common sense.

The walking under ladder superstition

Back in ancient Egypt, priests placed ladders in the tombs for dead people, so if they wanted they might have decided to ascend upward. The created area between the ladder and the wall was believed to be the space of spirits. Ladder leaned against the wall and formed the natural triangle that was believed to be sacred. It was also a space to be avoided as spirits rest there.

Those who somehow walked under the ladder could placate the disturbed spirits by placing their thumb between their index and middle finger. That is the method of warding off the bad luck. People who walked under the ladder in Middle Age in Christian Europe would cross their fingers on both hands, sign of a cross protected them from any evil lurking in the space between the ladder and wall. The interesting fact was that if you were forced to walk under the ladder against your will, you could receive something you wished for.

Although there are still people who are superstitious, nowadays ladders have become more a tool that can cause a lot of accidents. According to the study of American Journal of Preventative Medicine, there were 2.1 million of people sent to hospital because of ladders in years between 1990 and 2005.

Shanghai Metal Corporation offers aluminum and aluminum profiles for ladders. Customers don’t have to be worried about the safety, we offer high-quality products. For more information visit our website or send us inquiry. English speaking staff will guide you further. Download an application by scanning QR code below or follow us on Social Media.

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Silvia M.//SMC Editor

Read more articles written by this author here.

Credits: livescience.com, timelessmyths.co.uk, wisegeek.org, unexplainedstuff.com, popularmechanics.com, googleimages

How People Went Over the Berlin Wall?

We approached 25th anniversary of the Berlin Wall coming down – a barrier that existed from 1961 to November 9,  1989, constructed by German Democratic Republic (East Germany ) and completely cut off West Berlin.

Berlin Wall wasn’t built all at once. It started as a barbed wire fence and later it changed into 12-15 foot high walls surrounded by guard towers with guns. The Wall was made in sections of concrete reinforced with steel mesh. There were steel tubes at top of the Wall to make it even more difficult to go over the Wall. Tank traps – angular steel chunks were placed in some of the key areas to prevent vehicles from driving through the Wall. Although it looked almost impossible to climb over the Wall but there were few people who found great and smart ways of doing that.

RTRRZBO
Opening of the East German border on November 9, 1989
On a tightrope

East German acrobat Horst Klein thanks to his acrobatic skills, turned an unused high-tension cable that stretched over the wall in his route. He was moving hand by hand and when he was exhausted he just swung his body up over the cable. He fell off the cable but he landed in West Berlin.

With Munich’s Playboy Club cards

Some border crossers approached the guards and flashed their membership cards for Munich Playboy Club. These cards resembled diplomatic passports and guards often waved them through.

In a hot air balloon

Hans Strelczyk and Gunter Wetzel used their mechanical know-how to build a hot air balloon engine out of old propane cylinders. Their wives helped them as well, they used old bed sheets and scraps of canvas for making a balloon. Then two families, couples with kids, floated up to 8,000 feet freedom.

 In a well-aged tunnel

81-year-old man had spent 16 days digging a 160-foot-long and 6-foot-tall tunnel from an East German chicken coop all the way to the other side of the Wall. Tunnel was that tall because this man wanted to walk to freedom with his wife and friends comfortably.

Shanghai Metal Corporation sells wide range of steel, steel pipes and tubes. For more information visit our main website or send us inquiry. English speaking staff will guide you further. Download a new application by scanning QR code below or follow us on Social Media.

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Silvia M.//SMC Editor

Read more articles written by this author here.

Credits: history.howstuffworks.com, ibtimes.com, mentalfloss.com, dailysoft.com, googleimages