Controversy over Jerusalem construction work

Jerusalem, one of the most sacred and religious cities in the world is about to get a slightly modern makeover. Due to a surge in housing demand and the quickly increasing housing prices within the city, a private developer has been granted permission to build 100 new homes. Construction within the city has long been a controversial issue with construction work only ever taking place if it factored renovation works or was a reconstruction of traditional builds.
Washington, a close friend of Israel, has always been against governmental decisions to complete any modern construction work within the city, due to its religious standing. Nevertheless, the country believes the time has come where their capital city now needs to begin moving with the times. Justice Minister Ayelet Shaked said, “The US is a big friend but in the end, Israel needs to do what is beneficial for itself as a country.” The newly constructed buildings are expected to accommodate growing populations, imcorporate new technologies and provide a better economic future for the city.
A number of construction companies will be bought in to embed the essential skills and technology expertise required within the region and reduces the time ofconstruction. Portuguese company Mota-Engenharia e Construcao, SA and Turkish company Yilmazlar Construction Group will undertake vital works, alongside a multitude of Chinese construction firms: Beijing Construction Engineering Group International, Jiangsu First Construction Corporation, Everbright International Construction Engineering Corporation, and China Huashi Enterprises Company.
It must be a difficult position when you are home to one of the most religious, and sentimental places on earth to find methods of enhancing your countries future without damaging the past.

Why is Chinese Steel so prevalent in the US presidential debates?

Two consecutive debates between Hilary Clinton and Donald Trump, the two presidential nominees, have now seen the topic of Chinese steel crop up. It can be viewed as quite surprising that the nominees would opt to discuss international trade of Chinese steel; due to the fact in the grand scheme of things it’s not something that directly affects many potential voters.
In the second debate, trump had also brought up the matter of Chinese steel, however, this time it was Clintons turn to utilize the topic. “One of the biggest problems with China is the illegal dumping of steel and aluminium into our markets,” Clinton said in last Wednesday’s debate. Following on from this, she went onto attack Trump, targeting the fact that he had used cheap Chinese steel in his real-estate projects.
Clinton was referring to a continuing legal dispute between several Asian countries and other nations around the world over subsidies for steel. In June, the U.S. International Trade Commission ruled that Chinese and Japanese subsidies were causing economic injury to the American steel industry. In August, the European Union imposed punishing tariffs on certain types of Chinese and Russian steel in retaliation.
On the contrary to popular belief, a number of researchers find that American citizen do not base their opinions of international trade on whether or not their jobs is within industries or occupations that are directly affected by competition from overseas.

Instead, research found that the attitude of American citizens is more closely related to America’s position and status on the global stage. Therefore, it would be on a reasonable to basis to assume that Clinton and Trump are discussing such a topic in a bid to lure citizens whom feel the power of the United States is declining.

EU set large import duties on cheap Chinese steel

The EU has imposed import duties of up to 73.7% on cheap Chinese Steel being imported into the European Union; the penalty has come about in response to manufacturers being forced to cut jobs after a flurry of cheap imports from China.
Britain has been one of the worst hit places within the EU, with thousands of jobs already being lost this year and many more seriously under threat. Many of the industryleaders put cheap imported steel as the primary reason for this claiming that such cheap prices are making it increasingly difficult to find buyers domestically.
The EU has agreed to impose import duties of between 13.2% and 22.6% on Chinese hot-rolled steel, which is used in pipelines and gas containers, and 65.1% and 73.7% on heavy plates, which are used in civil engineering projects. UK Steel, the trade body for the industry has welcomed the much needed tariffs but has warned that the levy on hot-rolled steel might still not be enough and could fail to deter the dumping of cheap steel.
David Martin, Labour MEP for Scotland, said the tariffs may be “too little too late” for the UK industry.
Martin, the international trade spokesman for the Socialist and Democrats group in the European parliament, said: “The commission has recognized that Chinese dumping is having a real, damaging effect on EU steel producers and the communities supported by them.

“However, whilst the tariffs on heavy-plate steel are at a workable level, the duties on hot-rolled steel – a crucial product of Tata Steel’s Port Talbot plant – won’t deter Chinese steelmakers from further dumping. I sincerely hope these duties will be revised upwards at a later date.
The future of Port Talbot and Tata Steel’s 11,000 UK staff remains unclear as the Indian company considers a merger with German group ThyssenKrupp and tries to negotiate a rescue package with the UK government.
Regardless of if the tariff is high enough; it is going to be an interesting few months within Europe to see the effects of the newly installed charges. One would assume that if the results do not meet expectation, then EU will be quick to impose further tariffs.

Good news for the British Steel industry!

In what is long overdue after months of fear and protests over the loss of thousands of jobs in the UK Steel market, there is finally something to be cheerful about. Tata Steelwas the catalyst for the protests from British workers, who were campaigning for the saviour of their jobs, after the company made the decision to cancel their manufacturing operations in the UK. The decision from Tata Steel left at least 2’000 jobs effected directly and up to 8’000 at risk due to related businesses being affected.

However, after some anxious few months, a company in the form of Industrial and commodity group Liberty House have made a bid in an attempt to reduce at least some of the arrears. Liberty House have made a bid which is understood to be in the region of £100 million for three of Tata’s steelwork depots, these being in Rotherham, Stocksbridge and Hartlepool, they employ 1’235, 831 and 501 workers respectively. Liberty House has already purchased the Scotland business operations from Tata Steel, so these new acquisitions will add and improve to their ongoing portfolio.

The bid has not yet been accepted as its understood Tata are still in talks with a number of other interested parties, in addition to this, Tata are also still in talks with German rival Thyssenkrupp over a possible mergence, which would include the acquirement of the UK operations. However, they have continued to discuss the sale of separate areas of their UK operations and will go ahead with them should offers be concluded before any deal is made with Thyssenkrupp.
Although, it is only a quarter of the workforce that is likely to be saved from this particular deal, it is good to see Tata have interested parties and the

Base Metals shows a collective decline

Across the board on Monday, base metals saw a decline which is a reflection of weak stock markets in Asia whilst also suggesting a revival from the dollar.
In Asia, the Shanghai Composite was last down 1.76 percent at 2,980.429 while the dollar index was last at 95.39 having recovered from selling pressure last week following news that the US Federal Reserve would not raise interest rates his month.
Last week all market eyes were on the FED of the US and the Bank of Japan, whom were both making significant policy announcements. However, all eyes have taken a turn towards politics with the highly anticipated first debate of the Presidential election race taking place between Hilary Clinton and Donald Trump; it will be interesting to see how the base metals market reacts on Tuesday.
In the metals, copper at $4,820 per tonne was down $35 on the pre-weekend close, while around 4,000 lots have changed hands on Select so far. There were further deliveries into listed warehouses in Busan, Gwangyang, Port Klang and Singapore – total stocks rose a net 7,250 tonnes to 364,125 tonnes and are holding around one-year highs.
Aluminium at $1,626 was $11 lower although stocks continued to fall. Inventories were down 10,700 tonnes to 2,136,025 tonnes due to decreases in Vlissingen and Singapore. Cancelled warrants rose – metal that had been warranted into Asian sheds was cancelled – to 881,350 tonnes, up 14,250 tonnes.


Lead at $1,910 was down $19.50 on talk that Trafigura will rewarrant large tonnages into Europe. Moves today, however, were marginal, with just 300 tonnes arriving into Leghorn. Stocks rose 250 tonnes to 191,250 tonnes while cancelled warrants fell 50 tonnes to 66,150 tonnes.
Zinc at $2,251 was down $14; stocks fell 650 tonnes to 442,000 tonnes. Nickel was $200 lower at $10,460 although it continued to find support from news of mine closures in Philippines. Traders also noted that the metal looks positive from a technical perspective.
Tin at $19,630 was $15 lower. Stocks were unchanged at 3,715 tonnes but cancelled warrants rose 95 tonnes to 1,955 tonnes, dropping on-warrant material to its lowest since 2005 at 1,760 tonnes.
Still, investor sentiment looks brighter – according to CFTC statistics, they nearly halved their net short positions on Comex to 19,600 contracts in the week to September 20 mainly via short-covering.

Among major steel producers, India is growing the fastest

The month of August saw India making the fastest levels of growth, among the world’s major steel producers. As a country, India produced 8.4 million tonnes of crude steel, an impressive 9.4% growth from the same period last year; the growth is even more impressive when you consider that global increase was just 1.9%. 

China, who are by far and away the world’s largest producer of steel saw a steady growth of 3% from the corresponding period last year, 68.6 million tonnes of Steel was produced. In comparison, Japan, the world’s second largest producer of steel had an output of 8.9 MT, which was an increase of 1.5%. Among the other big name producers of Steel, the US produced 6.7 MT, Russia 5.9 MT and South Korea 5.8 MT. 

Outside of the top 6 but still within big producers, Turkey made the most significant growth in August with a 12.9% increase, seeing them produce 12.9 Million tonnes. 
Currently the third largest steel producer in the world, India’s production has been growing constantly since the beginning of the current year. During the first eight months of the present year, India’s production growth has been the highest at 5.6%.

Considering the small gap between Japan and India and the respective growth rates, it surely can’t too long till India find themselves as the 2nd largest producer of steel in the world. 

CHINA IS ABOUT TO AXE 1.8 MILLION COAL AND STEEL JOBS

China plans to lay off 1.8 million coal and steel workers as part of the government’s ongoing efforts to reduce industrial overcapacity.

Yin Weimin, the minister for Human Resources and Social Security, said in a briefing Monday that 1.3 million the job cuts will affect coal workers, while the steel sector will lose 500,000 positions, Bloomberg reports.

“This is the first time China unveils figures that underscore the scale of its task in dealing with slowing growth and bloated state firms.”

In December, Beijing said it would not approve any new coal mines over the next three years and that it would shut more than 1,000 coal mines in 2016, taking out 60 million metric tons of unneeded capacity.

A month later, the world’s largest coal consumer announced it would invest $4.6 billion to close another 4,300 coal mines.

coal2

The country, however, has committed to allocate $15.3 billion (100 billion Yuan) over two years to compensate the laid-off workers, Yin said. He also told reporters that the government will release its plan to raise the retirement age in 2016 as the world’s second largest economy faces increased pressure from an aging population.

Chinese steel companies have been accused of selling unwanted metal on world markets for less than it costs to produce and export, suffocating local rivals.

Last month, the Europe Union imposed of a new range of tariffs on Chinese steel imports, in an attempt to save thousands of jobs.

Coal consumption in a free-fall

At the same time that Chinese authorities close mines, coal consumption keeps falling. On Monday, the government unveiled fresh data that states China’s coal use dropped in 2015 for the second year in a row.

The use of the fossil fuel declined 3.7% last year compared to 2014 levels, a report from China’s National Bureau of Statistics (NBS) shows. The fall follows a 2.9% decrease in 2014.

Despite the decrease in coal use, many Chinese cities are often blanketed with toxic smog, much of it the result of using the fuel in industries like power generation and steel.

Nearly 300 Chinese cities failed to meet national standards for air quality last year, according to a Greenpeace report.

Source: http://www.mining.com/ (Cecilia Jamasmie)

 

Same as previous articles before, steel can be used for lots of products in different kind of fields, like in construction, steel string in music, thermal cooker for innovation, and even for jewelry and clothes. Shanghai Metal Corporation which is based in China is one of the leading businesses in the manufacturing of metalworking industry. We can produce and export the best quality of steel and other metal products and service. We prioritize the efficient of manufacturing and environmental sustainability.

Want to know more about our company? Please visit our website and you can follow us on Twitter, Facebook, LinkedIn, and Instagram. Feel free to download our new mobile application by scanning the QR code below.

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TOP 10 AMAZING STEEL BRIDGES

A bridge is a structure that built to provide passage over the physical obstacle such as water, valley, or road. It is often made of steel which is strong and massive that suitable with the purpose of bridge itself. Here are ten of the most amazing massive steel bridges that ever built.

1

  • Kymijoki Railway Bridge – Koria, Finland

Kymijoki Railway Bridge is a pair of parallel rail bridges across the Neva River in Saint Petersburg, Russia. The bridge was built on 1910-1912. This bridge was the first 3-span steel truss bridge built in Finland. It was originally used as a railway until 1923 and today, it is just use as a footbridge.

2

  • Sydney Harbour Bridge – Sydney, Australia

Sydney Harbour Bridge is the world’s largest steel arch bridge. It connects Sydney Central Business District and the North Shore. It was built in 1932 by Dorman Long and Co Ltd.

3

  • Akashi Kaikyo Bridge – Kobe, Japan

Akashi Kaikyo Bridge also known as the Pearl Bridge is the longest suspension bridge spans in the world which has 1991 meters lengths. It links the city of Kobe on the mainland of Honshu to Iwaya on Awaji Island, Japan.

4

  • Chaotianmen Bridge – Chongqing, China

Chaotianmen Bridge is a road-rail bridge over the Yangtze River in the city of Chongqing, China. It is the longest arch bridge spans in the world which has total length of 1,741 m.

5

  • Ikitsuki Bridge – Nagasaki, Japan

The Ikitsuki Bridge is the longest continuous truss bridge spans in the world which has main span of 400 meters. It connects Itsuki to Horaido and it was built in 1991.

6

  • Golden Gate Bridge – San Fransisco, USA

Golden Gate Bridge was built because of the consensus of USA citizens. It was built on 1933 and opened for public on 1938. It was designed by Joseph Strauss at 4200 feet with back towers that measure at 746 feet.

7

  • Pont de Normandie – Honfleur, France

The Pont de Normandie was designed by Michael Virlogeux. It took more than 7 years to build it and spend more than $465 million. It has a total length of 2.143 meters which make this bridge as the longest cable-stayed bridge in the world until 1999.

8

  • Weichsel Bridge – Dirscham, East Prussia

Weichsel Bridge is an icon of steel bridges during the golden era of steel constructions. This was the first large wrought iron girder bridge that was built in Germany in 1857.

9

  • SkyBridge – Vancouver, Canada

The SkyBridge connects New Westminster and Surrey, two important cities in Vancouver. It opened in March 1990 with total length at 616 m. This bridge is a transit-only route used by TransLink.

10

  • Forth Bridge – Firth of Forth, Scotland

Forth Bridge is a cantilever bridge that was opened in 1890. It connects Edinburgh and Fife which is the major landmarks in Scotland. It was designed by the World Heritage Sites of UNESCO designers, Sir John Fowler and Sir Benjamin Baker.

How amazing steel can used to build a bridge that can connect land, people, societies, and economies!

As a representative of the metal industry, Shanghai Metal is one of the leading businesses in the manufacturing of metalworking industry. We can produce and export the best quality of steel, other metal products, shipping containers, and service. We prioritize the efficient of manufacturing and environmental sustainability.

Want to know more about our company? Please visit our website and you can follow us on Twitter, Facebook, LinkedIn, and Instagram. Feel free to download our new mobile application by scanning the QR code below.

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Source: Wikipedia and Colorcoat-online

Ardelia Sassie/SMC Editor

IMPORTANCE OF METALS IN YOUR EVERYDAY LIFE

Whether you like it or not, metals play a BIG PART in our everyday life. We interact with them differently as each of them has it’s own properties : some are used as supporting elements for buildings, smartphones, transportation. Some are used for decoration by artists and sculptor or some are used to display wealth, like gold for example.

That being said, we have tendency to overlook the importance of metal because we confront them directly or indirectly everywhere, therefore perceiving their presence as self-evident. Oh and also, some of them are imperceptible to human eyes so this may contribute to our lack of understanding metal in our life.

So let’s explore these hidden but common metals we interact with everyday shall we ?


COPPER for example, is a type of cheap metal used by companies to conduct electricity. The average American will use more than 1,000 pounds of copper in their lifetime ! You can find them in your ALARM CLOCKS, DENIM JEAN BUTTON, PORTABLE AUDIO DEVICES or your DOORKNOB and even in your GRANOLA BARS ! Copper is essential not only for everyday objects but also for our own body.

Next on the list is STEEL. Like Copper metal, you can find it almost everywhere too. Taken for granted, they are in buildings, machinery, cars, galleries and statues. So can you imagine our world without these elements ? It would be hard to conceive another element as useful as these metals. When the word Steel is pronounced it also means RECYCLING. Each year, the US alone recycles no less than 80 million tons of steel, which works out to about 70% of the world’s total steel recycling

Another metal important for our future is ALUMINIUM. Thanks to its strength, low weight and good potential for recycling Aluminium is as useful and flexible as it’s other metal brothers. It’s properties also allow to build high buildings, transportation and also for packaging, the most common use that this metal is known for.

Not to mention other types of metal, these three principles are maybe the most commonly known by public although people easily tend to forget their usefulness.

Apart from the referred objects we just mention, the crazy thing about  metal is that it has a really wide range of function and can be used by any types of profession. Physicians and architects take advantage of these metals by constructing impressive buildings industry while some artists see these elements as pure physical support in which they transfer their imagination and creativity.

See how great metals are ? As representatives of the metal industry, Shanghai Metal Corporation is one of the leading businesses in the global field. As a major producer of copper, aluminium, steel and other metal products and service, we essentially are committed to the universal use that metal can offer by delivering overseas and promoting environmental sustainability.

To know more about our company please visit our website. Also follow us on Twitter, Facebook, LinkedIn and Instagram. You can also download our new mobile application by scanning the QR code below.

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Maria // SMC Editor

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Maria // SMC Editor

The Tallest Skyscrapers Made of STEEL

skyscrapers clouds
Skycrapers above clouds – source: missions haringknowledge.com

The term skyscraper was originally used to describe buildings of 10 to 20 stories,

The increase in urban commerce in the United States in the second half of the 19th century augmented the need for city business. So the story of skyscrapers began in second part of the 19th century when steel became one of the cornerstones of the world’s industrial economy. Steel became available in large quantities and at low price and was quickly the material of choice for building construction. but by the late 20th century the word skycraper was used to describe high-rise buildings of unusual height, generally greater than 40 or 50 stories.

Thanks to Steel framing and steel reinforced concrete made curtain-wall architecture possible and the use of the material  made the evolution of skyscrapers possible by allowing them to reach new heights.

in 1895 The 10-storey (42 m high)Home Insurance Building was built in Chicago and was considered the first tall building to be supported by a steel skeleton of vertical columns and horizontal beams.
As skyscrapers grew taller, architects and engineers were faced with a new enemy: wind. They had to experiment with new styles and building methods in order to build taller and more innovative structures.

The following buildings are today’s 3 tallest buildings in the world and have all been possible thanks to the amazing properties of steel and the hard work of engineers and architects that brought many innovations in the metal field.

Burj_Khalifa

Burj Khalifa, Dubai, UAE (829.8 m – 163 foors)

Burj Khalifa is the tallest man-made structure in the world it uses a bundled tube design (which is a system that uses a number of interconnected tube frames) and a composite of steel and concrete to hit its record height. Approximately 39,000 tonnes of steel bar were needed for the construction and 15.500 m2 of embossed stainless steel for cladding. Proportionally, the design uses half the amount of steel used in the construction of the Empire State Building thanks to the tubular system. 

Tokyo Skytree (634m – 29 floors)

tokyo skytree tower - source: wikipedia.org
tokyo skytree tower – source: wikipedia.org

The tower is the primary television and radio broadcast site for the Kantō region.
The structural steel columns of the tower are diagonally jointed at different angles, and their shapes differ from one another. Under these stringent conditions, engineers were required to solve the kind of problems that they have never experienced in past projects

Shanghai Tower, Shanghai (632m – 128 floors) 

Shanghai Pudong Panorama - source: wikipedia.org
Shanghai Pudong Panorama – source: wikipedia.org

The Shanghai Tower is the tallest building in China and the second-tallest in the world, surpassed only by the Burj Khalifa in Dubai. high strength steel, ultra-thick plates of over 100mm in thickness and other high-end construction steels have been used for the construction of the tower. In addition to that The design of the tower’s glass facade, which completes a 120° twist as it rises, is intended to reduce wind loads on the building by 24%. This reduced the amount of construction materials needed; the Shanghai Tower used 25% less structural steel than a conventional design of a similar height saving approximately US$58 million in material costs.

source : http://www.worldsteel.org, wikipedia.org 

Steel is an amazing material that is both economic and sustainable. That’s why Shanghai Metal Corporation manufactures and distributes a large range of Steel products of high quality all over the world.
For more information, you can visit the company’s website or contact us for any inquiry.

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Houria // SMC Editor