China, Second Biggest Producer of Copper In The World (List of Top 10 producers)

copper bloomberg
copper tubes    source: bloomberg.com

Most copper is mined/extracted as copper sulfides from large open pit mines in porphyry copper deposits that contain between 0.4 to 1.0% of copper. This is the case in some mines in Chile and the United states .

According to the British Geological Survey The amount of copper in use is increasing and the quantity available is barely sufficient to allow all countries to reach developed world levels of usage.
It was reported by the US Geological Survey (USGS),  the global production of metal increased by 400 million tons between 2013 and 2014 reaching 18.700 million tons, although the demand for copper decreased compared to the previous year.

1. Chile (Mine Production: 5.800 million tons)

Chile’s copper production has been increasing for the last decade although technical and regulatory issues could slow down the trend. between 2013 and 2014 the production increased from 5.780 to 5,800 tons.

2. China (Mine production : 1.620 million tons)

china's copper mine production 2006-2014
china’s copper mine production 2006-2014 Source: statista.com

China is the largest refined copper producer, but it lacks copper mineral deposits. It has to import unprocessed copper ores and copper scrap.
China increased its copper production in 2014, putting out 1,620 million tons of the metal compared to 1,600 million tons in 2013. Reuters reports that notes that the country’s production increased during the second half of the year, due to the re-lauching of a 100,000-tonne-a-year smelter Liaoning province (North east of China) after 5 years of inactivity.

3. Peru (Mine production: 1,300,000 tons)

between 2012 and 2013 peru’s prodcution didn’t change much. In 2013 the country produced 1.300.000 tons.  But it is expected that the mine production could rise by as much as 10 percent in 2014, and Peru’s energy and mines minister, Jorge Merino, has projected a 17-percent increase in copper production alone thanks to several new projects and also the the expected increase of foreign investments in the mining industry.

copper factory source: cnbc.com
Copper factory – Source: cnbc.com

4. United States (Mine production: 1,220,000 tons) 

5. Australia (Mine production: 990,000 tons)

6. Russia (Mine production: 930,000 tons)

7. The Democratic Republic of the Congo (Mine production: 900,000 tons )

8. Zambia (Mine production: 830,000 tons)

9. Canada (Mine production: 630,000 tons)

10. Mexico (Mine production: 480,000 tons)

Being at the heart of the booming copper industry, Shanghai Metal Corporation offers a wide range of copper products . You can visit the company’s website , contact us and follow us on twitter and facebook for more information and news on metal.

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Houria // SMC Editor

China to end export tax on rare earths and other metals

On April 23, 2015, China decided to eliminate tariffs on rare earths and other such as tungsten, molybdenum and fluorspar starting from May 1 according to the Chinese Ministry of Finance. This might be the end an international trade dispute caused by this controversial policy.

sands cones - minerals of mining industry
sands cones – minerals of mining industry

China is the biggest producer and consumer of rare earths and responsible for approximately 93% of the world’s rare earth output, but in 2009 the country imposed export restrictions in an attempt to develop its own industry. As a reminder, rare earths are crucial elements for the manufacturing of a wide range of high tech devices, mobile and smart phones, products in the automotive industry etc.

After the implementation of the export tax ,an abrupt reduction in export quotas in 2010 left traders short and froze a high demand on the global market.

As a response to the abolishment of the tax , Bejing will put in place reforms to keep a certain control on its market: today’s chinese rare earth export tax rates currently range from 15 to 25%: 15% for light rare earth elements and 25% for heavy rare earth elements  but Bejing will implement a rare earth resource tax on domestic rare earth products.

rare earth minerals found in China- bloomberg.com
rare earth minerals found in China- bloomberg.com

The abolition of this restriction could push up the demand of rare earth demand on the global market and has already pushed a number of market speculation.

Forecasting the boom of demand and export of rare earth products , Shanghai Metal Corporation offers a wide range of rare earth metal products . You can visit the company’s website , contact us and follow us on twitter and facebook for more information and news on metal

source: bloomberg.com and www.mining.com

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Houria // SMC Editor

Can You Guess What’s Wrong In This Picture?

The photograph series “For What It’s Worth” by photographer and artist Dillon Marsh is at the very least surreal. By combining photographic precision and computer-generated imagery Marsh produces illogical images as an attempt to provide a graphic visualization of the quantity of copper extracted from the Blue Mine in Springbok, situated 550 km north of Cape Town.

Blue Mine, Springbok (1852 to 1912) 3,535 tonnes of copper extracted

The blue in ‘Blue Mine’ is in reference to the color of rocks in the mine as a result of copper coming into contact with oxygen in the air. Back to the mid-19th century copper was the primarily driving force behind the establishment of relatively remote area of the country such as Springbok, Okiep and Nababeep as formal towns. Following operations that began in 1852, the Blue Mine is recorded as the first commercial mining endeavour in South Africa. South Africa hasn’t been so commercial before, and with the discovery of copper deposits the town became a centre for mining prospectors with movement of people coming to Springbok also attracted by its near and steady supply of drinkable water.

Nababeep South Mine, Nababeep (1882 to 2000) 302,791.65 tonnes of copper extracted

By 2007, however, most of these mines had run their course and production had stopped almost completely. As an attempted to represent the uncertain future for the towns and people of the region, Marsh placed impressive copper spheres in the arid scene of what once served as copper mine. “Whether they are active or long dormant, mines speak of a combination of sacrifice and gain”, describes Marsh. He also adds “their features are crude, unsightly scars on the landscape – unlikely feats of hard labor and specialized engineering, constructed to extract value from the earth but also exacting a price”.

Jubilee Mine, Concordia (1971 to 1973) 6,500 tonnes of copper extracted

Mash’s intention is “to create a kind of visualization of the merits and shortfalls of mining in South Africa, an industry that has shaped the history and economy of the country so radically”.  On the one hand, the development of the mines around Okiep contributed significantly to the demise of copper mining in south-west of England. On the other hand technology and skill were still transferred from these mines to other parts of the world. Unesco classifies the principle value of the copper mine site of Springbok an extension of the Cornwall and West Devon Mining Landscape in the UK, for instance, also sharing a close association with other mining landscape in Australia, Brazil, India and Mexico.

Tweefontein Mine, Concordia (1887 to 1904) 38,747.7 tonnes of copper extracted

Shanghai Metal Corporation offers a wide range of metals such as copper, widely used in varying artifacts. To find out more, please visit our Website, WordPress, LinkedIn , Twitter , Facebook  and Instagram. Or you could try our new mobile app by scanning our QR code. Moreover, we sell directly from Alibaba , EC21 ,Tradekey or directly at sales@shanghaimetal.com.

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Source and picture credit: springbokinfo.co.za, designboom.com, visualnews.com, ignant.de, whc.unesco.org, dillonmarsh.com

Camilla G.//SMC Editor

Green Building Material Of The Future

Asbestos is slowly disappearing from offices and houses the world over as societies became aware of its harmful affects.  Although this new found awareness and action is a positive step there is another product that has potentially hazardous health effects, drywall.

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Drywall has a freighting ingredient known as gypsum, a waste product of coal-burning plants.  Gypsum is known to produce both mercury, formaldehyde and has the potential to be radioactive when combined with phosphates.

asbestos

This was a major issue in both the USA and China as citizens of both countries became ill when exposed to drywall with high levels of these substances.  Along with heavy metal and chemical concerns there is also a lot of dust associated with the deterioration and instillation of drywall which can severely affect indoor air quality.  Fortunately, there is a product that can replace drywall.

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Magnesium oxide is slowly becoming the go to material for interior walling in offices and homes.  Magnesia imagewas used in the construction of the Great Wall of China along with the Coliseum and many other ancient landmarks that have stood the test of time.  The benefits of Magnesia are that it is environmentally friendly, fire-resistant, waterproof, mold/fungus and bug free and most importantly has only positive effects on indoor air quality.

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Thus, the use of magnesium boards can greatly improve the air quality within a house and eliminate many allergens that would otherwise affect the inhabitants.

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Shanghai Metal Corporation is committed to sustainable growth that improves the quality of life for everyone, now and for generations to come. We take the recent construction scares across the globe very seriously and believe that our magnesium products can have a significant affect on improving the quality of life for many people. Magnesium products are part of our commitment to improving the quality of life for people the world over.

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For our full list of products that we offer check out our website here. Be sure to join the conversation in our LinkedIn groupFacebookTwitter and Instagram. Try also our new mobile application by scanning the QR code below.

Jordan S.//SMC Editor

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Sources:

http://www.smcbuildingsystem.com/MagnesiumPlate–tpl1024.html

http://www.usatoday.com/story/news/nation/2014/05/02/chinese-drywall-adverse-health-effects-wallboard/8574707/

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chinese_drywall

http://www.propublica.org/article/american-made-drywall-emerges-as-potential-danger

http://ask.metafilter.com/232074/Dangers-of-Drywall

http://ductworks.com/indoor-air-quality/top-10-ways-homeowners-can-ensure-good-indoor-air-quality/

http://www.dreamstime.com/stock-image-skyscraper-construction-crane-image2205911

Pictures: barrington220.orgglobal-yurtdisiegitim.comgreenliving4live.com

 

Unlimited Possibilities With a Limited Negative Impact

More than ever we faced limited resources on the earth. We can think about foods, fresh water and gas reserve. Growing every year is now more and more difficult to do, especially in the raw mineral and non-renewable energy sectors. In fact we need to use a lot non-renewable energy to extract limited raw minerals at the end the cost for the planet is high and irreversible.

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Some metal industries are now aware about this problem and they start to find a way to limit their negative impact on the planet. Studies already proved that we can recycle carbon steel scarp without any limit of time. Even if this resource is limited on the earth we can recast infinitely without reducing the quality of the product. Therefore, this product becoming more and more attractive in a long term views in our economy because it can be connected with several projects. So now the challenge is to rethink about how to use each scrap metal resource.

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In another perspective, recycle iron significantly reduced our consumption of non-renewable energy, and our CO2 emissions. Indeed, the CO2 emission is limited by the carbon steel scrap transportation to the recycling shop, the overall impact is nothing compare to the extraction process.

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Shanghai Metal Corporation is a leader in the carbon steel material and equipment on the market with the highest quality standard and an affordable pricing. More information on our carbon steel products, visit our website here. Be sure to join the conversation in our LinkedIn group, Facebook, Twitter and instagram. You can also scan the QR code below to connect with us.

You can also find more articles by our team at SMC right below.

The new pipe line way for the gas industry.

A potential solution about the body car impasse

The best steel for the best dish!

Source: Epa.gov , stlpipesupply

Pictures sources: dmaeuropa,metro,franklinmetaltrading

JonathanT.//SMC editor

 

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How China Can Save Europe from Crisis

The dissolution of the Soviet Union is arguably one of the greatest geopolitical disasters of human history.  It resulted in the rise of ethnic nationalism and ethnic based conflicts across Eastern Europe and Central Asia.

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Many of the new countries had mixed Russian and local population and after centuries of repression under the Russian Empire, and later the Soviet Union, tensions were high. This is the basic history behind the current war in Ukraine.

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Russia is backing the anti Ukrainian forces with both financial and military aide.  As a result many European Union members have levied sanctions against Russia which have the potential to hurt all parties involved. As the 6th largest exporter of steel there is a massive gap that will need to be filled and this is where China can not only make a vast amount of profit, but also improve relations with the EU.

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The economic recovery in the EU is fragile at best and any major shock could end the recovery and cause a recession.  This is of particular concern in Europe where many nations are dependent on Russia for their raw materials and mineral resources.  As many EU members want to limit their dependence on Russia, China is presented with a great opportunity to become Europe’s new de facto supplier of raw building materials.

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China and the EU are becoming more interdependent on each other and adding Chinese steel to the equation will only increase economic cooperation.  Furthermore, as Russian sanctions begin to take affect all over Europe the governments of these regions will most certainly be grateful to any nation that helps them avoid another economic crisis.

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Shanghai Metal Corporation has been following the developments in Eastern Europe closely and with great concern.  We take the economic health of the EU and the world as a whole very seriously.  One of our main products is structural steel and it will be an honour to supply the EU if and when the need arises.

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For our full list of products that we offer check out our website here. Be sure to join the conversation in our LinkedIn groupFacebookTwitter and Instagram. Try also our new mobile application by scanning the QR code below.

(Jordan S.//SMC)

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http://www.fool.com/investing/general/2014/07/21/russia-retreats-from-us-as-sanctions-begin-to-bite.aspx

http://www.issb.co.uk/global.html

http://de.bearing-news.com/ascat-technology-to-improve-steel-industry-product-quality/

http://www.euractiv.com/sections/social-europe-jobs/russian-steel-firm-threatens-eu-job-losses-over-sanctions-301721

http://www.cnbc.com/id/101855249

http://russianreport.wordpress.com/2012/05/09/day-of-victory-on-red-square/

Pictures: telegraph.co.uk, thevirtualtravelers.com, ukrainetrek.com, newsweek.com, ibtimes.com

Architectural Triumphs With Galvanized Steel

Corrugated and sheet metals such as galvanized steel have come a long way in the architectural and construction communities from when they were simply a strong and effective material used as roofing. It has come to the point now where they can be the feature of a home or building and used both inside and out.

This idea of galvanized steel as a universal building material is shown below where the house features has used it for both a roofing material and as exterior wall cladding. This industrial appearing material, when combined with the natural aesthetic of wood creates a juxtaposition between man and nature, especially given the lush backdrop of rural Australia.

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From an interior perspective there is an increasing trend to use both corrugated, flat and shaped galvanized steel for both ceilings and walls. The remarkable example below featured in the master bedroom of  a modern home show how the metallic surface of galvanized steel can add a touch of modernity to a design, with the corrugated sheeting offering a texture rarely seen in the interior of a home.

metal-interiors_corrugated-metal-bedroom

The versatility of this material is undeniable, with designers stretching their imagination to previously-thought impossible lengths. As is witnessed in the examples below; the ability to bend, shape, curve and erect this material at extreme pitches can lead to some outstanding design possibilities. The home on the left features a nearly 100% external composition of pre-painted corrugated galvanized steel proving the residents with high bush-fire protection, energy efficiency as well as a remarkable aesthetic!

In contrast to these curves seen above the design featured below presents an opposing dynamic of this material. With its sheer pitched sides, long straight lengths and intense angles it is hard not to appreciate the capabilities this material offers to architects and the remarkable results that are left for the eye to enjoy.

Shanghai Metal Corporation is a world leader in innovative metal manufacture and will strive to meet all of your building and design specifications.

To find out more about galvanized steel or to discuss customization and individual requirements please visit our website Here.

For more updates on this and other exciting developments follow us on FacebookTwitter & Linkedin, you can also scan the QR code below to aceess theres mediums through your smart device.

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Dominick F.//SMC Editor

Sources: Ral HomesColorbondArchiExpo & Freshome

Rolling Steel Coil to Make Sheets

The process of getting galvanized steel from its prepared form (coiled and wrapper up) is completed with the aid of a roller. This device allows the user to roll the galvanized sheets into any number of profiles depending on the intended purpose. The practice of rolling metals has been around since 1590, but really took off in approximately 1850.

 OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA

Of the most well know of these purposes if for the use in metal roofing. For this application corrugations are rolled into the galvanized steel to match the environment of the area. For example the most typical corrugation seen is the circular wavy corrugation which performs best when there is some degree of pitch to the roof, whilst a flatter and wider pan may be used when the roof has less of a degree of slant. This wider pan has more surface area to transport water off the roof.

 Coro 3

Corrugations for external use, such as the cladding of external and internal walls or ceilings may use what is referred to as a mini-orb (smaller corrugation) so as to provide a particular aesthetic, especially when emphasis is put on the internal. Furthermore galvanized steel coil can be pre painted to provide a particular color to meet the end users specification; this paint is baked on and provides an extra layer of protection from the elements.

<> on January 26, 2010 in Eisenhuttenstadt, Germany.

Shanghai Metal Corporation, being one of the world’s leading suppliers and manufacturers of metal products offers galvanized steel in a multitude of forms that can be used to satisfy the applications mentioned above. These include piping, galvanized steel coils, strips, sheets, plates, wire, pre-painted steel, roofing material (in a number of profiles) as well as steel grating. We also stock and supply coil rollers so you can do it yourself or have the sheets repainted and cut by us.

To find out more about these products or to discuss customization and individual requirements please visit our website Here. For more updates on this and other exciting developments follow us on FacebookTwitter & Linkedin. Or by using your smart device, scan the QR code below!

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Dominick F.//SMC Editor

Sources: Drexmet; Union Corrugating; Galvanizing Association of Australia; Wikipedia; Gulf Coast SteelVostelpine

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Foods That Grow In Surprising Ways

sugarcane

You’ve never thought about it much until its brought up in conversation – does a plant grow in a tree or underground? Surprisingly, pineapples grow on bushes, artichokes are petals, cocoa beans on trees, and black pepper grows on vines. What about sugar? It’s not technically a fruit (as much as we want it to satisfy or five a day). However it does derive from the sugar cane plant. It takes a long process to get it into the crystallized form we all love. Here are the steps:

 ???????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????How To Get Sugar:

  1. Grow the cane and harvest it
  2. Extract the sugar syrup from the cane using rollers
  3. Evaporate and clean the syrup in the factory
  4. Separate the by-products. Three products are made; brown sugar, molassess and bagasse, two by-products used in alcohol and biofuel respectively.

And know you know! At Shanghai Metal Corporation we manufacture carbon steel sugar cane extractor blades. As an ISO 14001 (International Quality Management System) Company and recipient of the “Star Enterprise Award,” Shanghai Metal Corporation prides itself on exceeding international standards of quality and reliability. We guarantee the best prices, quality support, and fast delivery. To find out more, please visit our Tumblr, WordPress,  LinkedIn , Twitter , Facebook  and Instagram. Or you could try our new mobile app by scanning our QR code. Moreover, we sell directly from Alibaba , EC21 and Tradekey.

You can also read more articles by our team at SMC:

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Foods That Grow In Surprising Ways

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The Antarctican Training Programme – Could You Make It?

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Like To Get A Souvenir From The USA – Why Not A 335 Metre Steel Bridge?

Are Locks As Easy To Pick As In The Movies?

Modernity In Cinema-Friend Or Foe?

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Pylons – The Under Appreciated Life Bringer

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The Science Behind Saw – Could It Really Have Cut Through Bone?

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Tired Of Wasting Money On Expensive Morning Coffees? Why Not Invest In A Stainless Steel Coffee Maker

Is Stainless Steel Really Stainless?

Sources: Sucrose.com, Buzzfeed

Siobhan R.// SMC Editor

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Aluminum- A Question of Supply & Demand

Underpinning this update is news coming out of Tokyo of a record premium price paid by two Japanese buyers for bulk Aluminum through the London Metal Exchange (LME) which is due to be shipped in the October-December Quarter by British-Australian mining giant Rio-Tinto Ltd. Sources close to the negotiations say that Rios offer of $420 per tonne beat other producers offer of between $435 and $460 from suppliers such as Alcoa.

 Alu 2

This comes of the back of American Alcoa Inc’s  April report that global aluminum demand will exceed production this year, putting an end to nine years of surplus supply of Aluminum driven by high Chinese production. Naturally this excess supply lowered global prices, which for an industry worth $90Billion dollars a year globally will see its impacts felt right throughout the global economic system.

Further driving this global market phenomenon is the closure of many smelters despite forecasts for global Aluminum consumption to increase by 7% throughout the year 2014, with a lot of this stemming from Aerospace and automobile industries.  The closure of smelters outside of China, in particular Japan, USA and Europe.

 Alu 3

The properties that make aluminum a metal so useful are its lightness, corrosion resistance, non-magnetic, non-toxic, good reflector of light waterproof and odorless, very ductile and also cheap comparing to other alloy.

As a world leader, Shanghai Metal Corporation (SMC) offers Aluminum in various type and size with offices and subsidiaries located throughout  Asia, Europe, Australia, and the Americas. More information on aluminum can be found on our website here. Be sure to join the conversation in our LinkedIn groupFacebookTwitter & Tumblr. You can also scan the QR code below with your smart device to connect with us on these platforms.

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Dominick F.//SMC Editor

Sources; Reuters; Bloomberg; Wikipedia; Yahoo! Finance; Cedar Recycling

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