China, Second Biggest Producer of Copper In The World (List of Top 10 producers)

copper bloomberg
copper tubes    source: bloomberg.com

Most copper is mined/extracted as copper sulfides from large open pit mines in porphyry copper deposits that contain between 0.4 to 1.0% of copper. This is the case in some mines in Chile and the United states .

According to the British Geological Survey The amount of copper in use is increasing and the quantity available is barely sufficient to allow all countries to reach developed world levels of usage.
It was reported by the US Geological Survey (USGS),  the global production of metal increased by 400 million tons between 2013 and 2014 reaching 18.700 million tons, although the demand for copper decreased compared to the previous year.

1. Chile (Mine Production: 5.800 million tons)

Chile’s copper production has been increasing for the last decade although technical and regulatory issues could slow down the trend. between 2013 and 2014 the production increased from 5.780 to 5,800 tons.

2. China (Mine production : 1.620 million tons)

china's copper mine production 2006-2014
china’s copper mine production 2006-2014 Source: statista.com

China is the largest refined copper producer, but it lacks copper mineral deposits. It has to import unprocessed copper ores and copper scrap.
China increased its copper production in 2014, putting out 1,620 million tons of the metal compared to 1,600 million tons in 2013. Reuters reports that notes that the country’s production increased during the second half of the year, due to the re-lauching of a 100,000-tonne-a-year smelter Liaoning province (North east of China) after 5 years of inactivity.

3. Peru (Mine production: 1,300,000 tons)

between 2012 and 2013 peru’s prodcution didn’t change much. In 2013 the country produced 1.300.000 tons.  But it is expected that the mine production could rise by as much as 10 percent in 2014, and Peru’s energy and mines minister, Jorge Merino, has projected a 17-percent increase in copper production alone thanks to several new projects and also the the expected increase of foreign investments in the mining industry.

copper factory source: cnbc.com
Copper factory – Source: cnbc.com

4. United States (Mine production: 1,220,000 tons) 

5. Australia (Mine production: 990,000 tons)

6. Russia (Mine production: 930,000 tons)

7. The Democratic Republic of the Congo (Mine production: 900,000 tons )

8. Zambia (Mine production: 830,000 tons)

9. Canada (Mine production: 630,000 tons)

10. Mexico (Mine production: 480,000 tons)

Being at the heart of the booming copper industry, Shanghai Metal Corporation offers a wide range of copper products . You can visit the company’s website , contact us and follow us on twitter and facebook for more information and news on metal.

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Houria // SMC Editor

Stačí pár medených káblov a svetový rekord je na svete

Meď je chemický prvok, značka je Cu (z latinčiny Cuprum) a protónové číslo 29. Je to kov, ktorý má vysokú tepelnú vodivosť, je tvárny za tepla či chladu a dobrú odolnosť voči korózii.   Meď nereaguje s vodou, ale pomaly reaguje s atmosferickým kyslíkom. Väčšina medi je ťažená alebo extraktovaná ako sulfid medi. Medzi najväčších producentov medi patrí Čile, Spojené štáty americké, Austrália a Švajčiarsko(source). Meď sa používa už najmenej 10 000 rokov, ale viac ako 96% medi sa vyťažilo od roku 1900. Odhadované rezervy medi sú na najblizších 25 až 60 rokov. V súčasnosti je najväčším zdrojom medi jej recyklovanie.  Podobne ako hliník, aj meď je stopercentne recyklovateľný bez straty na kvalite.

Okrem týchto všeobecných a väčšinou známych faktov tu je ešte jeden – meď môžete použiť na vytvorenie nového svetového rekordu.

10Gbps internet cez medenú telefónnu linku 

Majstri v telekomunikáciách, Bell Labs, prišli s novým svetovým rekordom, internetová rýchlosť 10Gbps cez medené drôty. Dubbed XG.fast, nová technológia by mohla byť použitá na predĺženie života už existujúcej siete medených liniek. Telekomunikácie by tak mali alternatívu k optickým vláknam v miliónoch domácností po celom svete, ktoré majú telefónnu linku.

VDSL2, G.fast, and XG.fast compared

 Najväčšia medená guľa

Rick Fortin, sám seba opisuje ako “šialenca do recyklovania”, ktorý sa počas dlhých zimných dní nudil, a tak začal vytvárať medenú guľu. Mala priemer jeden meter a vážila neuveriteľných 400kg.

“Mal som toľko veľa drôtov,” he said. že som najprv začal vyrábať medené stromy a až potom som sa pustil do medenej gule a úplne ma to pohltilo.”

Ak teda nebudete vedieť, čo s nadbytočnými medenými drôtmi, teraz už viete, ako sa dostať do Guinessovej knihy rekordov 🙂

Shanghai Metal Corporation ponúka vysoko-kvalitné medené produkty, ale aj kovové, oceľové a iné. Viac informácií nájdete na  našich webových stránkach alebo nám zašlite dopyt. Anglicky hovoriaci personál vám ochotne pomôže. Nasledujte nás tiež na Facebook, Twitter, Instagram, LindkedIn alebo si prečítajte blog. Stiahnite si aplikáciu oskenovaním QR kódu.

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Silvia M.//SMC Editor

Prečítajte si viac článkov od tohto autora tu.

Zdroje : wikipedia.org, worldrecordacademy.com, timesofindia.indiatimes.com, extremetech.com, googleimages.com

The World’s Biggest Copper Mines Based On Their Contained Reserves

Escondida, Chile

Escondida copper mine in the Atacama Desert in Northern Chile is currently the world’s largest copper mine by reserve. The mine contained more than 32 million tonnes (Mt) of recoverable copper reserves at the end of 2012. Escondida is also the world’s largest copper producing mine, in the financial year ending June 2013 output stood at 1.1 million tonnes (Mt), accounting for about five percent of global copper production. The mine has been in operation since late 1990 and is currently one of the10 deepest open-pit mines in the world. The reserve life of Escondida is estimated to be 54 years.

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Cananea, Mexico

Cananea, also known as Buenavista copper mine, located in Sonora, Mexico, is the world’s second biggest copper mine by reserve. The open-pit mine was estimated to contain 26.874Mt of copper reserve as of December 2012. A total 200,000t of copper was mined from the pit in 2012. Opened in 1899, Cananea is one of the oldest open-pit mines in North America and is currently owned and operated by the Southern Copper Corporation (SCC), a subsidiary of Grupo Mexico. The mine extracts the porphyry copper deposit lying within the southern Cordilleran region. The ore is refined at an on-site concentrator, which has a milling capacity of 77,000 tonnes per day.

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Collahuasi, Chile

Collahuasi copper mine is 180km south-east of the port of Iquique in northern Chile ranks as the third largest copper mine in the world. Proven and probable copper reserves of the open-pit mine as of December 2012 stood at 25.895Mt. The mine produced 282,096t of copper in 2012, accounting for 5.1% of Chile’s total copper output. The mine produced 245,288t of copper concentrates and 36,808t of copper cathodes in 2012. It has been in operation since 1999. It exploits three mineral deposits, namely Rosario, Ujina and Huinquintipa, in the Pica municipal district of Tarapacá Region. The mine life is 70 years.

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Andina, Chile

Andina copper mine, located 80km north-east of Santiago in northern Chile, is the fourth biggest copper mine in the world by reserve. The mine was estimated to contain 18.8Mt of fine copper at the beginning of 2013. Andina is owned and operated by Chile’s state-owned Codelco (Corporacion Nacional del Cobre de Chile), the largest copper producing company in the world. The copper deposit was discovered in 1920 and mining operations began in 1970.

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Toquepala, Peru

Toquepala copper mine, situated 870km away from Lima in Southern Peru, ranks as the world’s fifth largest copper mine by reserve. The open-pit mine was estimated to contain 17.65Mt of copper reserve as of December 2012. Southern Copper Corporation (SCC), a subsidiary of Grupo Mexico, owns and operates the mine. Toquepala produced about 152,000t of copper in 2012, including 120,000t of copper concentrates and 32,000t of copper cathodes. Ore is extracted from the Toquepala porphyry copper deposit located in the southern-most Andes Mountains of Peru. The extracted ore is refined at an on-site concentrator with a milling capacity of 60,000tpd.

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As an international manufacturer and supplier for copper sheet and bronze sheet, Shanghai Metal Corporation produces slitting, edging, and oscillates winding to fit your specific copper requirements. For more information on our copper products please visit our website here. Be sure to join the conversation in our Linkedln group, Facebook and Instagram.

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You can also read more articles by our team at SMC:

Who To Blame (Or Thank) For Your Braces

Most Creative Statues

How To Do A Better Job Than Jack

Sources: www.mining-technology.com,caprari.com.au

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#BuildingValueAcrossTheGlobe

William P.//SMC Editor

Peru Set to Explode with Copper Extraction

Peru is re-positioning themselves to catapult in front of China to take back second place in the title race for the largest Copper extraction nation in the world. Second only to Chile who produce a whopping 5.8 million tonnes of Copper annually, Peru is set to ramp up their annual Copper output capabilities by approximately double from 1.4 million tonnes in 2013, to 2.8 million tonnes before the beginning of 2016.

The expected green lights on five core Peruvian Copper mining projects underpin this massive growth aspirations and development of the Copper industry in Peru. These projects include; the US$4.6 billion expansion venture of the Cerro Verde’s which is expected to finish up at the beginning of 2016, Southern Copper’s controversial US$1 billion expansion of the Tia Maria mine which had been on hold since 2011 due to community concern for the inadequately proposed water usage and pollution management strategies has resolved these issues through a revisal of environmental management strategies which are expected to gain local approval soon, the US$3.5 billion Toromocho mine which opened last December, US$900 million expansion of Toquepala mine,  and the Chinese owned and led US$5.86 billion Las Bambas mine which is expected to shift it’s Copper output upwards from 1.3 million tonnes in 2013 to 2.8 million tonnes before 2016.

Peru_cooper_mine_GlencoreSince China is the worlds leading consumer of Copper, Peru exports approximately one quarter of their total Copper extracted to China alone. However recent events such as slowing Chinese housing growth and the Qing Dao collateral scandal have encouraged a cooling of Copper demand in China, forcing a slump in global Copper prices. Provided these current events do not have lasting effects over the next eighteen months, Peruvian Copper production levels can be expected to continue to close the gap between the Copper extraction market leaders in Chile.

Shanghai Metal Corporation stocks a wide selection of Copper-related products and raw materials for all your construction or manufacturing needs. Please take the time to browse our online catalog at: http://www.shanghaimetal.com/Copper–tpl3.html.

Zenn B.//SMC Editor