The Tallest Skyscrapers Made of STEEL

skyscrapers clouds
Skycrapers above clouds – source: missions haringknowledge.com

The term skyscraper was originally used to describe buildings of 10 to 20 stories,

The increase in urban commerce in the United States in the second half of the 19th century augmented the need for city business. So the story of skyscrapers began in second part of the 19th century when steel became one of the cornerstones of the world’s industrial economy. Steel became available in large quantities and at low price and was quickly the material of choice for building construction. but by the late 20th century the word skycraper was used to describe high-rise buildings of unusual height, generally greater than 40 or 50 stories.

Thanks to Steel framing and steel reinforced concrete made curtain-wall architecture possible and the use of the material  made the evolution of skyscrapers possible by allowing them to reach new heights.

in 1895 The 10-storey (42 m high)Home Insurance Building was built in Chicago and was considered the first tall building to be supported by a steel skeleton of vertical columns and horizontal beams.
As skyscrapers grew taller, architects and engineers were faced with a new enemy: wind. They had to experiment with new styles and building methods in order to build taller and more innovative structures.

The following buildings are today’s 3 tallest buildings in the world and have all been possible thanks to the amazing properties of steel and the hard work of engineers and architects that brought many innovations in the metal field.

Burj_Khalifa

Burj Khalifa, Dubai, UAE (829.8 m – 163 foors)

Burj Khalifa is the tallest man-made structure in the world it uses a bundled tube design (which is a system that uses a number of interconnected tube frames) and a composite of steel and concrete to hit its record height. Approximately 39,000 tonnes of steel bar were needed for the construction and 15.500 m2 of embossed stainless steel for cladding. Proportionally, the design uses half the amount of steel used in the construction of the Empire State Building thanks to the tubular system. 

Tokyo Skytree (634m – 29 floors)

tokyo skytree tower - source: wikipedia.org
tokyo skytree tower – source: wikipedia.org

The tower is the primary television and radio broadcast site for the Kantō region.
The structural steel columns of the tower are diagonally jointed at different angles, and their shapes differ from one another. Under these stringent conditions, engineers were required to solve the kind of problems that they have never experienced in past projects

Shanghai Tower, Shanghai (632m – 128 floors) 

Shanghai Pudong Panorama - source: wikipedia.org
Shanghai Pudong Panorama – source: wikipedia.org

The Shanghai Tower is the tallest building in China and the second-tallest in the world, surpassed only by the Burj Khalifa in Dubai. high strength steel, ultra-thick plates of over 100mm in thickness and other high-end construction steels have been used for the construction of the tower. In addition to that The design of the tower’s glass facade, which completes a 120° twist as it rises, is intended to reduce wind loads on the building by 24%. This reduced the amount of construction materials needed; the Shanghai Tower used 25% less structural steel than a conventional design of a similar height saving approximately US$58 million in material costs.

source : http://www.worldsteel.org, wikipedia.org 

Steel is an amazing material that is both economic and sustainable. That’s why Shanghai Metal Corporation manufactures and distributes a large range of Steel products of high quality all over the world.
For more information, you can visit the company’s website or contact us for any inquiry.

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Houria // SMC Editor

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Dubai with Its Twisted Skyscraper Is Planning To Build the World’s Tallest Twin Towers

Dubai, a place with iconic skyscrapers, high-rise buildings, the world’s tallest building (Burj Khalifa with 829,8m) and the twisted skyscraper,is now planning to build the world’s tallest twin towers.

Twisted skyscraper

Architects Skidmore Owings & Merrill (SMO) were the ones who designed twisted Cayan Tower and now it is completed. This skyscraper that is 307 meters high. The twisted profile of this tower reduces wind forces as it disperses it around the exterior. Metal facade was designed to screen interior from a desert sunlight. Cayan Tower now became a significant part of Dubai’s 21st century skyline.

Cayan Tower
Twin Towers

Developers Emaar Properties and Dubai Holding want to build a huge leisure and residential area including towers that will be as its centerpiece. Dubai Creek Home, as they named it, will be a new landmark and tourist area with  39, 000 homes, 22 hotels, retail outlets, tourist attractions and of course twin towers.

Dubai Creek Harbour twin towers by Emaar Properties and Dubai Holdings

There are no concrete architects named for this project and the construction date of twin towers still hasn’t been confirmed. Also twin towers’ height remains as a developers’ secret.

Dubai Creek Harbour twin towers by Emaar Properties and Dubai Holdings

Shanghai Metal Corporation offers customers high-quality metal and steel products. For more information, please don’t hesitate and visit our main website or send us inquiry. English speaking staff will guide you further. Download also an application by scanning QR code or follow us on Social Media.

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Silvia M.//SMC Editor

You can read more articles written by this author here.

Credits : dezeen.com, telegraph.co.uk, citymetric.com, googleimages

Container Island Resorts – America’s New Dubai

Did you know that there are over 4000 oil rigs in the Gulf of Mexico that will be decommissioned within the next century. These oil rigs occupy approximately 80 million square feet of area in the ocean. Basically the only way to remove them is to blow them into oblivion which would cost millions of dollars and destroy a major part of the Gulf’s aquatic life. What if these oil rigs could be used in another way?

The idea of turning the oil rigs into luxurious hotel resorts was already presented in 2009 by Morris Architects who also won the top prize in a hospitality design design contest with this concept. This idea also introduces an application for shipping containers.

The idea is to prefabricate hotel pods off-site out of shipping containers and transport them into the oil rigs with cargo ships. These new island resorts are also been referred as America’s Dubai. The BLDGBLOG site has put it also to a poetic perspective by comparing the resorts as the  Kalevala of Abandoned Oil Rigs.

Prefabricating and transporting the hotels onto the rigs a relatively simple procedure. The challenges are more related to maintenance and business side. How to ensure security on the resort, how to handle stormy weather conditions, how to price them and how to maintain a steady flow of customers?

Shanghai Metal Corporation is a professional provider of prefabricated container hotels. You may see our website for detailed descriptions of our hotels. If you have any questions, please contact us with this form. Check also our social media sites for future updates.

    

Tuomas P. // SMC Editor

Pictures and original articles: BLDGBLOG, LA Curbed, Dornob, Morris Architects, Design Ideas, The Telegraph,  Paul Baut, Tree Hugger, Bustler

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Folks enjoying extremely risky climbing

Do you like climbing? Do you have a crazy smile on your face when you are somewhere high? Then you will love two young Russian folks Vadim Makhorov and Vitaliy Raskalov, who were probably so bored that they started climbing the most towering structures in the world.

All this idea of climbing came with a passion about taking pictures. Few years ago they took a picture with their phone camera, they liked it and decided to buy a real camera. But why they just don’t take pictures of flowers and nature with feet on the ground? Too boring.

They like challenges and that’s why they picked Shanghai Tower in China, 650 meters high tower, still under-reconstruction. Shanghai Tower is the second-tallest tower in the world surpassed only by Burj Khalifa in Dubai. (source)

“Aware of the strict Chinese law, we prepared carefully and picked an appropriate date, the Chinese New Year day,” Rascalov said. According to his words, security was less watchful, cranes didn’t work and people were on vacations.

They got to the crane at around midnight, first it took them 2 hours to get on the 120th floor by foot and then they were waiting 18 hours for better weather on the top of the building. I am surprised they didn’t change their mind…

Of course authorities don’t share the excitement with them and they often running into problems with law. They were arrested when they climbed pyramids in Giza or while ascending to the top of St. Vitus Cathedral in Prague.

St. Vitus Cathedral in Prague

While climbing they don’t use any climbing tools, gears, safety belts, nothing! They just have their cameras and a courage. Let’s see where they end up next time!

The Eiffel Tower

Stainless steel climbing gears are widely used by climbers, by those who want to be secured and don’t want to take a risk. In Shanghai Metal Corporation we offer high-quality stainless steel or other steel and metal products. For more information visit the main website or send us inquiry and English speaking staff will help you to choose the best product for you. Download a new application by scanning QR code below.

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Silvia M.//SMC Editor

Read more articles written by this author here.

Credits : wikipedia.org, theatlantic.com, huffingtonpost.com, googleimages

 

Shipping Containers – The World’s Most Sustainable Restaurants

Shipping containers are a perfect solution for setting up a pop-up restaurant. As we already covered in our blog about container stores, container restaurants can be installed almost everywhere and they are very likely to gather a lot of crowd. Some very well know companies have already set up a mobile restaurant.

Subway Skyscraper Containershipping container, shipping container architecture, shipping container restaurant, subway, freedom tower, new york city, world trade center

In 2010, the sandwich company Subway had a shipping container restaurant on top of the five story Freedom Tower in New York. Subway established the restaurant for the construction workers who would otherwise have needed 45 minutes to get down from the construction. The containers had the Subway logo on a yellow background and the flag of the USA that represented the recovering from 9/11 and the resurrection of the American Dream. (source)

Shipping containers are also a form of sustainable building and offer an eco-friendly and a low-cost solution for starting restaurants.  One of the world’s best coffee shops, Starbucks, has also used shipping containers and build such an eco-friendly drive-thru cafe in Seattle. Alongside with shipping containers, the architecture also enables the collecting of rainwater and thereby lowering water consumption. (source)

In 2011, the people of London, Moscow, New York, Hong Kong, Shanghai, Delhi, Dubai and Sydney had a chance to enjoy traditional Singaporean food that was offered form a shipping container restaurant. Thanks for shipping container’s mobility the Singapore Takeout was able to serve people in these cities within 12 months. (source)

shipping container, shipping container architecture, shipping container restaurant, subway, freedom tower, new york city, world trade center

As a new business idea, shipping container restaurants are an ideal low-cost choice. During these hard times in the economy, people who have always wanted start an own restaurant, but feel the lack of enough capital seem to have found a solution.

Shanghai Metal Corporation has a wide variety of containers including 20 ft, 40 ft, reefer containers and open top containers to name but a few. For more details, please visit our website or send us an inquiry from here. Please also follow us on Twitter, Facebook, Instagram and LinkedIn.

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Tuomas P. // SMC Editor

Pictures and original articles: Inthrald, Weburbanist, Urban Times, Inhabitat, Inhabitat, Westphoria

Mega Project: Kingdom Tower

Currently under construction in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia is the soon to be Kingdom Tower, which once construction is complete will be, by far the tallest building in the world at over 1 Kilometer tall. With construction having started in 2013 and a scheduled 2019 completion date

The tower will feature a flagship Four Seasons Hotel and serviced apartments, A class office space as well as luxury condominiums and the world’s highest observatory. There will be an outdoor platform on the 157th floor for private use of the penthouse residents. The building will also contain a number of swimming pools throughout for use by the hotel and condos.

Pavillion

Putting this into perspective the current tallest building in the world is the Burj al-Kalifa in Dubai, United Arab Emirates which stands at 830 meters.  The illustration below compares the prospective Kingdom Tower with existing buildings as well as those currently under construction. This clearly shows the extreme of its height and makes it hard to believe that the owners originally wanted the tower to be 1 Mile high!

Contrast

The Kingdom Tower will cost a proposed $US1.25 Billion and will involve 500,000 cubic meters of concrete and 80,000 tons of steel, giving it the strength it needs to withstand winds and any potential natural disasters.

As a world leader in the Metals producing and supply industry Shanghai Metal Corporation stocks metals in a range of forms and can customize specifications to suite your requirements. To contact us please visit our website Here. For more updates on this and other exciting developments follow us on FacebookTwitter & Linkedin. Or by using your smart device, scan the QR code below!

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Dominick F.// Editor SMC

Sources: Wikipedia; SkyScrapers Center;

Beautiful Luxury Hotels Under the Sea

Is anybody worried about global warming? Due to rises of average temperatures, the polar ices are melting. At its extreme the world could turn into a planet as described in Kevin Costner‘s movie, the Water World where people are forced to live on floating platforms as all the habitable areas are under the risen sea level. Wouldn’t it be good to plan human underwater residences in advance? The hotel industry has taken the first steps.

Utter-Inn1

Probably the world’s smallest underwater hotel and one of the road builders of the underwater architecture industry, The Utter Inn, is located in the Lake Mälaren in Västerås, Sweden. The hotel is a cabin complex that has an outdoor patio and an underwater sleeping berth capsule three meters under the water level. The cabin system is designed for two people and can be rented for $165 a night (source).

underwater-hotel-designboom04

A Swedish company has also designed an underwater hotel that operates four meters under water surface in the eastern coast of Africa in an island called Pemba. The Genberg Underwater Hotels‘ design of the Manta Resort allows people to sleep in a deep blue ocean while the the capsules custom designed underwater spotlights attract various sea creatures to mesmerize the residents (source).

dest-poseidon-diningThe island of Fiji is implementing an underwater hotel project. Poseidon Underwater Resorts is going to be opened in a 5,000 acre lagoon 40 feet under sea level. The resort is stated to be “the world’s first permanent one-atmosphere sea floor structure and world’s first true undersea resort”. The Poseidon will have 24 suites with an area of 550 square feet. Customers can also enjoy literature in a library, relax in a spa or even get married in an underwater wedding chapel. One week is estimated to cost about US $30,000 per customer.(source)

deep-ocean-technology-underwater-hotel-537x442

Probably the most insane construction project the world has ever witnessed is going to be implemented in Dubai. Dubai’s previous project to build an underwater city of Hydropolis in 2006 did not take off as expected but now a Polish firm Deep Ocean Technology has come up with the concept of the Water Discus Hotel. It will be comprised of a series of scifi-styled discs that have 21 floors below sea level.

dezeen_Worlds-largest-underwater-hotel-planned-for-Dubai_6

The offers its customers a beautiful view to the Persian Gulf from two-person bedrooms. In addition to the unusual accommodation, the proposed hotel is to include a diving center, underwater tourist vehicles, a spa, garden areas, an above-water terrace, and a helipad for guests. (source)

IstUndHotel1

 

The construction and real estate industry have found their extremes today from the oceans and from space. While the world witnesses these gorgeous buildings to be built, the traditional construction industry keeps steadily on going on ground. As one of its pioneers, Shanghai Metal Corporation strives for premium quality in its construction projects. For more information about our projects, please visit our website and follow us on social media (LinkedIn, Twitter, Facebook and Instagram). How about scanning also our QR code?

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Tuomas P. // SMC Editor

Pictures and original articles:  Inhabitat, Inhabitat, Hotel Chatter, Designboom, Humble Homes