Eco Update: China

A not so widely known fact is that China almost consumes as much coal as the rest of the world combined, where it accounts for 80% of the countries source for energy. This is an alarming trend considering that the burning of this fossil fuel is one of the most polluting ways to generate electricity. In an economy where manufacturing and industry is on the rise this further adds to our concern.

Coal Mine

However, this may soon be about to change! Given the high levels of pollution in the country, particularly in industrial cities and around Beijing (where often daily particulate matter in the air can cause respiratory problems for even the healthy) people are sick of this issue and the government is listening.  A number of measures have been announced that should help to curb this trend; firstly the country has introduced bans on the building of new coal fired power plants and place limits on total energy consumption. These legislative measures will be complemented with an emissions trading scheme, due to be implemented by 2016, bringing the country up to speed with the developed economies of Europe and New Zealand.

There are signs that this move is working too, with coal imports at their lowest since 2012 despite prices being at their lowest since the peak of early 2011. This is complemented by banning of extremely low quality coal imports, particularly varieties containing high levels of sulfur and ash whose burning produces the highest levels of pollutants.

Air Pollution In Beijing

As a responsible and socially aware Metal supplying and manufacturing company based in China (with global offices) with heavy involvement in the metals and mining industries,Shanghai Metal Corporation (SMC) is proud to report on this news and welcomes developments in this area as it will undoubtedly lead to an increase in the quality of life of many everyday Chinese.

To find out more about our range of metal products or to discuss customization and individual requirements please visit our website Here. For more updates on this and other exciting developments follow us on FacebookTwitter & Linkedin. Or by using your smart device, scan the QR code below!

SMC QR

Dominick F.//SMC Editor

Adapted from: Frik Els. Images: National Geographic; Green Media;

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Do Oil Discoveries Cause Conflict?

The conspiracy theorists will surely agree that oil and conflict is closely correlated – but do the statistics back it up? Economists have attempted to quantitative describe the relationship between discoveries of large oil fields and the probability of conflict.

war

 

Dube and Vargas studied this effect in Colombia and found that due to the concentration of oil profits being with the owners, extortion and kidnapping for ransom increased accordingly. This was described as a rapacity effect where it was in fact the money, not the oil that attracted conflicts.

colombia

Micheals found after conducting a worldwide regression that oil that it is actually the opposite –the increased wealth and opportunities from building the oil refinery actually decreased crime, as the potential criminals were less economically incentivized to commit crimes. The assumption that oil causes conflict stems from the anomaly that conflicts that arise due to suspected oil reserves rather than actual ones.

money

So in fact the building of oil drills and refineries can be beneficial to the surrounding areas, and the assumption they hurt an area was suggested to be untrue.

Shanghai Metal manufactures Salvage tools for oil drilling similar to those mentioned. To find out more, please visit our websiteLinkedInTwitter, Facebook and Instagram. Or you could try our new mobile app by scanning our QR code.

You can also read more articles by our team at SMC:

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Quiz – How Much Of Your High School Chemistry Do You Remember?

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Tired Of Wasting Money On Expensive Morning Coffees? Why Not Invest In A Stainless Steel Coffee Maker

Is Stainless Steel Really Stainless?

Sources: Dube and Vargas’s Papers, Micheals et al’s paper

Siobhan R.// SMC Editor

SMC QR

#BuildingValueAcrossTheGlobe

Copper Powers Green Transportation that Leads to Progressive Economic Impacts

In today’s society, transportation methods are finding ways to make altercations to manufacturing processes in order to become more sustainable and reduce their environmental footprint. Back in 1948, the average family car contained only 55 copper wires, amounting to a length of 150 feet. Fast forward to the present day and you will see more that 50 pounds of copper in a typical American made automobile. Today’s luxury cars contain some 1,500 copper wires, totaling to about one mile in length. This change shows the progress being made in the technology and manufacturing sector in order to but more fuel efficient cars on the road.

The Toyota Prius offers an EPA-estimated 50 mpg city and highway combined. According to fueleconomy.gov, compared to the average car, Prius could have saved an estimated 1.445 billion gallons of gas in the U.S. since 2000.
The Toyota Prius offers an EPA-estimated 50 mpg city and highway combined. According to fueleconomy.gov, compared to the average car, Prius could have saved an estimated 1.445 billion gallons of gas in the U.S. since 2000.

For example, the Toyota Prius, a full hybrid electronic mid-size hatchback, relies on copper wiring to power its nickel based batteries as well as computer chips to power the car and cut carbon emissions. Many other vehicles are catching on to the trend and future generations oh hybrid and electronic cars plan on using even more copper. Electronic motors with copper rotors are shown to offer advantages over other types of materials, including increased efficiency, smaller size, and lower operating costs.

boston-hybrid-taxi
Following the examples of New York and San Francisco, Boston has implemented sustainability plans to make all taxis hybrids by 2015.

 It’s not just consumer cars – alternative forms of transportation, from buses to electronic trolleys and subways use an average of 2,300 pounds of copper apiece. Rare metals like copper are proven to be critical to our economy, green energy and technology. New high-speed trains with electronic traction engines use double the amount of copper than traditional electron trains. The International Copper Study Group revealed that the new engines use from 3 to 4 tons of copper. By supplying more high-speed trains to the marketplace, economies around the world as a whole will benefit. For example, as emerging economies experience an increasing middle class population, the demand for labor in the construction sector will increase. Once high-speed rail travel is put into place, cities across the globe will see lower highway congestion, lower emissions, and lower trade deficits stemming from less imports of crude oil.

Shanghai Metal Corporation offers copper alloys that are used in supplying overhead cables for high-speed trains. Visit our website for more information of our full line of products and on our commitment to building value across the globe. Be sure to join the conversation on our LinkedIn group, Facebook, and Twitter.

Sources: Copper Matters, The International Copper Study Group, Granite Investment Advisors, USA Today, Toyota.com

By: Kristie K. // SMC Editor 

Эксперты: Санкции повлияют на экономику РФ, но пострадают и страны ЕС.

Страны ЕС предварительно договорились об экономических санкциях в отношении России, сообщает агентство Рейтер со ссылкой на дипломатический источник. Как отмечается, новые санкции затронут нефтяную сферу, оборону, поставки продукции двойного назначения и технологии. При этом санкции могут быть пересмотрены уже через три месяца.

Ущерб, который понесут Россия и Евросоюз от введения санкций, примерно равен, отмечают в ЕС.

“Санкции против России окажут влияние на всю мировую экономику, но не сразу”, – сообщают также эксперты британской газеты The Financial Times. Причем гораздо сильнее они затронут страны Евросоюза, нежели США, цитируют оценку аналитиков РИА Новости.

Ущерб от введения третьего пакета санкций для России составит для каждой стороны около 100 миллиардов долларов за два года, подсчитали в Евросоюзе.

В наибольшей степени от срыва контрактов с Россией пострадают страны южной части Европы и в первую очередь – Италия, сообщает Euobserver.сom. По подсчетам Комитета по восточноевропейским экономическим отношениям, санкции могут привести к сокращению 350 тысяч рабочих мест в Германии, которые напрямую зависят от российско-немецкого товарооборота, а это 80 миллиардов евро в год.

Egor T.//SMC Editor

In Economic Turmoil, Environment Remains Key

Even during periods of economic turmoil, the environment remains a key issue for our world.

P3UgpET

 

By 2050, it is estimated that there will be two billion more people living in the world’s cities which, according to experts, will mean that world construction will grow by more than 70% and reach $15 trillion by 2025, outpacing global GDP. Part of the solution is to build with steel – 50% of steel is used in construction. With four people per house, this will mean providing 1,427 homes every hour, with most of them needed in Asia and Africa. How can such growth be made sustainable?

As most people are aware, steel is used in so many important applications, from bridges and other large constructions, trains and rail lines to industrial machinery, housing, offices, hospitals, cars, buses and bicycles, to name but a few examples. Steel delivers a number of unique environmental benefits, such as product longevity, recyclability, easy transportation and less raw material wastage. In addition, steel offers architectural and design flexibility due to its inherent strength, which allows large span distances and curves to be easily incorporated into designs.

Perhaps best of all, steel is 100% recyclable, without losing any of its properties or strength, and thus reducing the solid waste stream, which results in saved landfill space and the conservation of natural resources. Indeed, more steel is recycled each day than any other material. Even better, the steel industry as a whole has dramatically improved its energy efficiency over the past 30 years, cutting energy consumption by 50% per tonne of steel produced and substantially reducing carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions, also per tonne of steel.

The industry is always looking for ways to improve, and to that end a project is in place in the United States that explores the possibility of replacing carbon with hydrogen in blast furnaces. In addition, ULCOS, which stands for Ultra–Low Carbon Dioxide(CO2) Steelmaking, is a consortium of 48 European companies and organisations from 15 European countries that have launched a co-operative research and development initiative to enable drastic reduction in CO2 emissions from steel production. The consortium consists of all major EU steel companies, energy and engineering partners, research institutes and universities and is supported by the European Commission. The aim of the ULCOS programme is to reduce today’s CO2 emissions by at least 50%.

From a human health perspective, steel frames have proven ideal for the ‘healthy home’ concept. The incidence of asthma and sensitivity to chemicals is on the increase and steel frames have been used to achieve allergen-free and dust-free interiors. This requires techniques such as special sealing around windows, moisture barrier systems in the walls, extensive insulation, and whole house ventilation systems. Steel frames retain their original dimensions, which is a major factor in maintaining effective long-term sealing.

Steel is already being used to help manufacture lighter, more fuel-efficient vehicles as well as renewable energy infrastructure including wind turbines, solar installations, smart electric grids and energy-efficient housing and commercial buildings. Its economic benefits include its quick construction off-site, which means less site disturbance and waste, more usable floor space, e.g. thinner floors allowing for more stories in a building, the flexibility to re-configure buildings and steel has a long life with low maintenance, plus energy efficiency for lower operating costs.

Sited: WorldSteel

Ashley G. // Editor SMC

What Makes Stainless Steel A Sustainable Material?

Sustainable

People

The material, in its use or in its production process, respects the human being, especially in terms of health and safety. A sustainable material does not harm the people working to produce it, or the people who handle it during its use, recycling and ultimate disposal. Stainless steel is not harmful to people during either its production or use. A protective layer forms naturally on all stainless steels because of the inclusion of chromium. The passive layer protects the steel from corrosion – ensuring a long life. As long as the correct grade of stainless is selected for an application, the steel remains inert and harmless to the people who handle it and the environment. These characteristics have made stainless steel the primary material in medical, food processing, household and catering applications.

Planet

The emission footprints of the material, especially those related to carbon, water and air, are minimised. Reuse and recyclability are at high levels. The material has low maintenance costs and a long life, both key indicators that the impact of the material on the planet is at the lowest levels possible. The electric arc furnace (EAF), the main process used to make stainless steels, is extremely efficient. An EAF has a low impact on the environment in terms of both CO2 and other emissions. The EAF is also extremely efficient at processing scrap stainless, ensuring that new stainless steel has an average recycled content of more than 60%. Stainless steels are easily recycled to produce more stainless steels and this process can be carried on indefinitely. It is estimated that about 80% of stainless steels are recycled at the end of their life. As stainless steel has a high intrinsic value, it is collected and recycled without any economic incentives from the public purse.

Profit

The industries producing the material show long-term sustainability and growth, provide excellent reliability and quality for their customers, and ensure a solid and reliable supply-chain to the end consumer. Choosing the right stainless steel grade for an application ensures that it will have low maintenance costs, a long life and be easy to recycle at the end of that life. This makes stainless an economical choice in consumer durables (such as refrigerators and washing machines) and in capital goods applications (such as transportation, chemical and process applications). Stainless steels also have better mechanical properties than most metals. Its fire and corrosion resistance make stainless a good choice in transportation, building or public works such as railways, subways, tunnels and bridges. These properties, together with stainless steel’s mechanical behaviour, are of prime importance in these applications to ensure human beings are protected and maintenance costs are kept low. Stainless also has an aesthetically pleasing appearance, making it the material of choice in demanding architectural and design projects.

Taking into account its recyclability, reuse, long life, low maintenance and product safety, the emissions from the production and use of stainless steels are minimal when compared to any other alternative material. A detailed and precise analysis of the sustainability of stainless steel makes the choice of stainless a logical one. This might explain why, as society and governments are becoming more conscious of environmental and economic factors, the growth in the use of stainless steel has been the highest of any material in the world.

Sited: WorldStainless

Ashley G. // Editor SMC

Работа Уралвагонзавода и Caterpillar по созданию совместного предприятия не будет продолжена из-за санкций США

 

 

 

 

Работа Уралвагонзавода и Caterpillar по созданию совместного предприятия не будет продолжена из-за санкций США в отношении УВЗ, сообщает ИТАР-ТАСС.

“Проект пострадает, если санкции будут продолжены. Мы на холде (от англ. hold — «держать») стоим, потому что мы должны были его реализовать на прошлой неделе, но из-за того что ввели санкции, все в стопоре.” – Олег Сиенко, генеральный директор УВЗ.

Речь идет об очередном пакете документов по созданию совместного предприятия с Caterpillar, который планировали подписать еще на прошлой неделе. По словам Сиенко, в августе должны были «привезти два локомотива под сертификацию, их надо было сейчас начинать грузить — эта ситуация остановлена».

Сейчас УВЗ ждет от американских партнеров информацию, как они видят дальнейшую реализацию проекта и, скорее всего, получат ее в начале августа.

Напомним, США ввели дополнительные санкции против России из-за ситуации на Украине. В отношении УВЗ вместе с другими предприятиями российской оборонки ввели блокирующие санкции, которые предусматривают полное прекращение с ними каких-либо контактов со стороны США и замораживание их активов в американских банках.

Локомотивостроительное подразделение Caterpillar — Electro-Motive Diesel (EMD) и Уралвагонзавод в 2013 году подписали протокол о намерениях, касающийся разработки и производства магистральных локомотивов в РФ. Предполагалось, что СП создадут на базе Челябинского тракторного завода, входящего в УВЗ. Не менее половины всей продукции будет производиться в России: например, рамы, кабины и элементы управления для нового локомотива.

Egor T.//SMC Editor