Over 5000 Years Old Copper Pipe From the Pyramid of Cheops in Egypt Could Still Be Used Today

Copper pipe and tubing is one of the most corrosion-resistant materials we have in the plumbing industry. Coppersmiths, the ancient Egyptians were early developers of pipe and the techniques of making copper alloys. In the beginning, of course, their pipe and fittings were very crude. Like the Mesopotamians, they used clay pipe made from a combination of straw and clay. First it was dried in the sun, and then baked in ovens. As they improved upon their clay sewer pipe, the Egyptians were able to drain the low-lying portions of the Nile Valley, and gradually the entire region evolved into a fertile garden.

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The outstanding fact concerning metallurgical development is that from beginning to end of their first three thousand years, copper occupied a position similar to that of iron in modern technology. Their relics is of its early civilization is greater than any other country, despite the difficulties in deciphering the hieroglyphics and the later hieratic writing.

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Many people mistakenly think that the dark brown color of exposed copper pipe is due to corrosion and that the pipe will eventually “rust away.” However, the reverse is true, likewise the color changing process that of the Statue of Liberty – already blogged here. The dark brown color or even the blue-green patina that occurs on copper is copper oxide. Instead of corroding copper, this compound actually protects copper by creating a protective film outside and even inside of copper pipe and tube. This film then protects copper from further corrosion or erosion, leaving the copper pipes still in serviceable condition after more than five thousand years, as the ones recovered by archaeologists from a portion of the water pipe system from the Pyramid of Cheops in Egypt.

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Copper has been the material of choice for natural gas throughout Europe, Canada and much of the southern United States for decades. In the United Kingdom, copper pipe and tube installations have been used in the vast majority of natural gas installations. However, copper was not always the main material. Once natural gas began to be piped regularly into buildings in the early 1900s, the material of choice, at least in most of the United States, was steel pipe. Other material such as aluminum and corrugated stainless steel pipe and tubing are also used for natural gas purposes. What causes corrosion of the copper pipes is the interior of copper pipe and tube in natural gas installations because of the properties of natural gas itself, and not due to the copper used as a material.

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Material used in natural gas system per country

In fact, many studies have been done to evaluate the cost of using copper in the plumbing system. Most have found that due to its ease of use and variable joining methods, copper has a distinct advantage over black iron pipe in labor savings. Hence, copper offered the least expensive installation over steel and CSST.

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Shanghai Metal Corporation offers a wide range of pancake copper tube/copper tube coils according to your specific requirements. SMC pancake tube coil are widely used in refrigerator and air conditioner, heat exchanger, natural gas, liquefied petroleum gas. For our full list of products that we offer check out our website here. Be sure to join the conversation in our LinkedIn group, Facebook, and Twitter. Try also our new mobile application by scanning the QR code below.

You can also read more articles by our team at SMC:

SUN DEVILS’ FANS EXCITED BY NEW COPPER HELMET

ASTONISHING CAR RESTORATION PROJECTS: WHAT COPPER CAN DO FOR YOU

ANTIQUE BRASS KEY USED ON PHONOGRAPH MACHINES BACK IN 1914

COPPER POWERS GREEN TRANSPORTATION THAT LEADS TO PROGRESSIVE ECONOMIC IMPACTS

5 OF THE WORLD’S OLDEST BREWERIES

A BLISSFUL RETREAT FOR BBODY AND SOUL: COPPER BATHTUBS

THE TRUTH BEHIND THE COPPER MESH ROOF BUILT BY JOHNNY DEPP IN THE MOVIE TRANSCENDENCE

WHO DOESN’T WANT TO LOOK FOREVER YOUNG?

COPPER FOR BIRTH CONTROL

WHAT’S THE BEST: COPPER OR SILVER WIRE CABLE FOR YOUR HEADPHONES?

DO YOU KNOW WHETHER YOUR PENNY IS A COPPER OR A ZINC COIN?

WHY IS THE STATUE OF LIBERTY GREEN?

AMERICAN COPPER THEFT CONTINUES TO CREATE TROUBLE FOR CITIES ACROSS THE NATION

WINNERS OF 2014 NORTH AMERICAN COPPER IN ARCHITECTURE AWARDS

ARTISTIC COPPER REFURBISHMENT REINVIGORATES MAINE’S STATE HOUSE DOME

COPPER KITCHEN SCRUBBERS REVOLUTIONIZING IT?

SOUTH AUSTRALIA SET TO OPEN THE BIGGEST AUSTRALIAN COPPER MINE IN THE COUNTRY

DISPUTE RESOLUTION MOVES TO STABILIZE WORLD COPPER PRICES VIA INDONESIA

PERU SET TO EXPLODE WITH COPPER EXTRACTION

MAJOR COPPER DISCOVERY ON THE PACIFIC RIM

SMC IN YOUR BACKYARD WITH SLUGS AND COPPER TAPE

ROUND ENAMELED COPPER WIRE // SMC COPPER PRODUCTS

COMPARISON ON CHINA IMPORTS AND EXPORTS OF COPPER AND ALUMINUM

SMC QRSMC #BuildingValueAcrossTheGlobe 

Sources: plumbingsupply.com, copper.org, IAPMO official report (Jan/Feb2004)

Pictures: staydu.com, plus.google.com

Graphs: IAPMO official report (Jan/Feb2004)

Camilla G.//SMC Editor

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Understand The U.S. Energy System By Energy Source

According to the Energy Information Administration (EIA), coal still accounts for the biggest single source of the nation’s power (39 percent), although natural gas has been increasing in importance, providing 27 percent of the US electricity.

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Coal burning to generate electricity
Natural gas coming out of the ground, Taiwan.
Natural gas coming out of the ground, Taiwan.

Natural gas is rising in popularity in the electricity sector since it emits fewer pollutants (such as sulfur-dioxide) into the air, when compared to coal. In other words, natural gas is cleaner than coal. Also, natural gas plants tend to be smaller, easier to build. Prices, which used to fluctuate wildly, do not represent a concern for analysts anymore – many analysts are predicting that cheaper natural gas will be plentiful for decades.

Cheaper natural gas prices have also been pressuring some nuclear power plants to close down, although the Environmental Protection Agency has recently developed a set of climate rules as incentives to some states keep their nuclear reactors open for longer. The EPA initiative is grounded on the fact that nuclear reactors do not emit any heat-trapping greenhouse gases. Currently, 62 nuclear power plants can be found in operation, containing 100 reactors and providing 19 percent of the nation’s electricity, with 5 morereactors in construction in Tennessee, Georgia, and South Carolina.

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Nuclear power reactors
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Windpower

The rest of the energy source is represented by the renewable energy such as hydropower, wind power and solar. Hydropower accounts for the largest energy source, with 1,426 hydroelectric dams providing 7 percent of the nation’s electricity. Analysts, however, pointed out that dams do not provide the same amount of electricity. Such an issue, they say, could be solved by adding generators to existing. Wind power, on the other hand, has been rising fast. There are two big reasons for that rapid growth: 1. the federal government has provided both tax credits and subsidies; 2. many states now have laws requiring utilities to get a certain portion of their electricity from renewables. Another energy source that has been increasing in popularity is solar energy, providing around 0.23 percent of electricity in 2013.

Below, you can find the summary of energy sources and percent share of total electricity generation in 2013:

  • Coal 39%
  • Natural Gas 27%
  • Nuclear 19%
  • Hydropower 7%
  • Other Renewable 6%
    • Biomass 1.48%
    • Geothermal 0.41%
    • Solar 0.23%
    • Wind 4.13%
  • Petroleum 1%
  • Other Gases < 1%
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Solar panel

Shanghai Metal Corporation is able to manufacture a wide range of Solar panel aluminium extrusion in line to meet your request. We can support various aluminum solar module profiles according your design drawings and samples. Our aluminum extrusion products are widely popular among the clients from US, India, Canada and etc. SMC also offers a wide range of metal products, ranging from steel, stainless steel, copper, aluminium, carbon steel, galvanized steel, in varying sizes and formats. To learn more about our metal products, please visit our website. Please also follow us on Twitter, Facebook and LinkedIn. Try also our new mobile application by scanning the QR code below.

You can also read more articles by our team at SMC:

Four Our Brazilian Readers: A Indústria Siderúrgica Torna-se Global

The Steel Industry Is Becoming Global

Russian Billionaire Sells 10% Stake of His Holding Company

More Women Needed In The Mining Industry

Mining Industry Market Analysis

The Case of Corruption Scandals in China

Good News For China’s Steel Sector

In Economic Turmoil, Environment Remains Key

South Australia Set To Open The Biggest Australian Copper Mine In The Country

China’s Coal Prices

Traditional Business Norm Still Powerful In Digital Age

Ethiopia; Export Extraordinaire

Monopolistic Concerns for the Iron Ore Market

THE WORLDWIDE MINING EQUIPMENT MARKET IS LOOKING UP

SMC QR code

SMC #BuildingValueAcrossTheGlobe

Source: vox.com, eia.gov

Pictures: energydigital.com, bnn-news.com, news.softpedia.com, exploringgreentechnology.com, Wikipedia.com,

Camilla G.//SMC Editor